What is Atsutane Hirata, a national scholar in the Edo period? The lifetime of Fushigi-no-Ojin who pursued the occult world seriously


When it happens that people can not organize by reason or reasoning, it is occult to want to believe.
If you go back to history, fortune-telling and magic may be a kind of thing, but from a more familiar point, a scholar who studied it seriously and enthusiastically was in the Edo period.

Tenpo 14 (1843) Leap September 11 is the day when a national scholar Hirata Atsutane (Atsutane) passed away.

Although it seems like a distant existence somewhat like a scholar, he was a person who spread a certain concept familiar to us today.

Departing from the feud with his father or leaving to Edo

Atsutane was born in the house of a samurai of Kubota clan (Akita clan) in Yasunaga 5 (1776).

It seems that he was in the local area until 20 years old, but I did not understand the details well and I did not want to talk about himself.
From the latter work, there seems to have been not much liked by fathers, and there are fushes that they could not make me want to study. It seems that it was just a matter of force work and chores.

Of course, there was no way that it was comfortable, we went to Edo for the beginning of the year of Kaneda 7 (1795) when I was 20 years old.

At that time the Akita clan was unstable, such as paying rent due to financial difficulties and developing into a house fault from successor fight.
Besides, being hated by his father, there is no point in getting used to being in the local area.

It seems that he started studying while earning money little by little by doing work like a boy (doing naeng and chores etc.) because he came to Edo as good as a sentence .

Bikinaki Stay in the eyes of the clan san Matsuyama, become adopted and open the way

Kanji Twelfth year (1800), stayed in the eyes of Edo-san Bishiku Matsuyama Clan, Hirata Fuji Kiyofi Atsushi (Atsuyasu) in the employee's lodge and is adopted.

If you are a diligent subjugger you would have wanted it as a human hand, and since it was a soldier who was a savage person, did you get along well?
Next 1801, I am married to the daughter · Oise of Suruga Numazu clan san Ishibashi Hikari. Probably I will adopt a foster parent.

Did life become stable and able to devote to academic since getting married? Atsutane, who knew the existence of Norihiro Ochiai, was deeply impressed by reading several copies, and began to appreciate national university.
Unfortunately because it was after the death of Kyosho, I could not request direct teaching but I will acquire a lot of knowledge with my diligence and bring various writings to the world.

Atsutane seems to have been quite handy and physical.
It is said that it was a style of "It keeps writing with insomnia insecurity, and sleeps while heading to the desk when getting tired, waking up and writing again".

Although modern writers occasionally have people of that type, it does not depend on the times. I envy.

Hirata Atsutane's main book list · Number is amazing! / Quoted from wikipedia

greeted a boy named "Tengu kid priest Toriiki" adopted … …

When I was thirty years old, I opened a private school and took disciples, so it seems that it was at least known to that source in just five years.

However, among his writings, some of the disciples of Nagasaki saw themselves as "an evil way", and there were times when they were told as fraudsters.

Atsutsu seems to have been particularly interested in the world after death and the existence of God.
It may be that I wanted to meet my wife once more because my tendency has become stronger since I was ahead of my wife.
If it is a horror story or a game, it runs to a dubious magic etc, but was not it a work of making intelligence?

During his 30's, more works and disciples increased, and I was traveling around shrines in various places, so it seems that there was nothing to complain about life.

As a big event, has it been to adopt a boy who is named "Tengu Toriyoshi" in Edo at the time of the third period of government (1820)?

Toraichi said, "I went to the world of gods and hermits and have been practicing art," as an Atsutane who was interested in such things seems to want to hear more.
Even so, it was terrible to adopt it, but I also wanted to talk about the time I was going through.

Anyway, two years after welcoming Toraichi, it is about publishing a book on the world he trained.

Majo mode enough to entrust letters to Toraichi who said "Return to the Kamishinjo" "19459007]

Age when gods and youkai existed closer than today.
Nonetheless, people who actually went and returned home are scattered.
At that time as well, it seems that it was criticized as "I must have made a testimony to my convenience by using my child."

but Atsutane himself believes in the bottom of mind, and when Toraichi says "When I return to the sami kingdom world", I keep my letter so that I will cross over.
Unfortunately, that hope did not come true … …. Since then, since I insist on existence of a different world with many writings, I think that I did not give up.

This is because he had a unique idea about the world after death and "soul".
Masayoshi Atsuta, who was privy to me, and one of his disciples, Nakayoshi Hattori
"The soul of a person goes to another world after death"
I thought.

However, Atsutane is
"The dead human soul goes to the world of the dead, but the world of the dead is not completely different from this world."
As the gods are settled in the shrine, the soul of the dead remains on the grave.
You can not see the world of the dead from this world, but the soul of the deceased is watching the people of this world and can exchange through rituals.
In other words, the dead are forever watching family members, friends and acquaintances. "
It seems to have thought.

….. What will happen if all the dead friends and acquaintances have entered the ruling party?
Sarcomen by quibble.

Hisayoshi's disciples are opponents and opponents

In addition, Atsutane thought that "the world of the dead is the world governed by the great nation (Oshimunagi) ".

Speaking of a powerful nation, it is the myth of myths and the main festival of Izumo Taisha Shrine, the god of marriage.
There seems to be a theory that the idea that this "edge" continues not only during living but also after death "has existed before the time of Atsutane.

Although the powerful Lord himself is also a goddess God, in addition to that, he has also reached the edge of the descendants of Tianjin God (the ancestor of the Imperial family) and further work to the world after death is not a huge work is not it.
And in October every year Gods from all over the country gather and hold a large conference … … Because it is God, is it fine? God, you're great.

Regardless of the neighborhood's Tsukkomi, these ideas are accepted by the common people and spread.

Many people lost their families and friends during the Edo period when famine and disasters had continued, so many people who believed in the idea that "the dead are watching themselves" and hope to live I guess it was.
Even in modern times, there are many stories such as so-called "insect bites" and "a deceased family came to see us".

In the sixth year of government (1823), I am traveling to Kinki for the purpose of visiting the grave of Mr. Temple in Matsuzaka and offering his own work to the courtroom.

However, as a matter of course, you will see the disciples of Norihito's visit to the grave.

Because the existence of Atsutane was a pros and cons, the disciples were somewhat disputed about how they greeted.
Opponents insisted that "Atsutan interprets various books arbitrarily and forcibly puts theory," and he did not want to welcome.
On the other hand, the proponents highly appreciated the writings of Atsutane and others seemed to have said that "Atsutane is suited to the successor of the prolific, and no monster falls short of the seed."

Eventually I was greeted by a favor for some reason, and I was able to visit the grave of the prosecutor.
The Ise Shrine Palace visit and dedication to the court finished safely and seems to be more confident.

criticizing the calendar of the shogunate and returning to Akita home order & banning copyright activity

After

he was devoted to the calendar and the elegance and was also studying the origins of languages ​​and letters such as the Kanji characters ("Kamiyomoji" or "Shimodoji") .

Kanji characters are Japanese unique characters that are said to have been used before kanji was transmitted to Japan.
Although it was being studied and discussed from around the Kamakura period, I do not know whether it actually existed in modern times, as well as the Atsutane era.
Although it is different from kanji, because there are some that resemble the bone character, in either case the influence of China seems to be.

Since I was convinced of the existence of the posthumous world, I wonder if I studied the characters of Jinja and fortune-telling and calendar next to contact with ghosts.

But this enthusiasm will be an enemy.

By publishing a book criticizing the calendar of the Shogunate in the twelfth year (1841), the shogunate had stared at him.
Whether it was not affected so much or whether it could not afford it during the confusion toward the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, punishment for Atsuta was only two, "returning to Akita" and " I will.
If it had been a while ago, it may have been subjected to a more severe sentence.

One thing can not be done with God

In disappointment, Atsutane who returned to Akita was sick two years later.

The resignation is
"I will not finish working on my thoughts as a matter of gods today I will win this world"
It was.

If it were to be translated into meaning
"Are you going to die this world today without finishing anything you wanted to do?"
Is that so?

If you believe in the world after death, you feel like it is not too lamentable as you can go to the world with death if you die.
I wanted to write down the method for that in later generations. I do not understand.

In any case, there are many people who have been mentally saved because his ideas spread.
Then, even if there was something left behind, was not it not a bad life?

Chitose Changchun

Reference: Hirata Atsutane / wikipedia

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