The unexpected history of Scotch whiskey "The hidden spirit of a countryman" becomes "a special product of the coalition kingdom"


A morning drama that kept the heart of alcoholic drinks blurred in the broadcast from 2014 to 2015 " Massan ".
It is the story of the protagonist and the wife who bet on the production of Japanese whiskey, and is full of Izakaya and BAR without thinking! Many people have been asked to do.

That taste of amber – colored magical liquid, with taste of scent, with that smell, that ecstatic feeling.
Oh, one more glass ……

Oh yeah, actually I drink without drama, but the main reason of whiskey is Scotland and Ireland.

Surprisingly, it was once a "smoked drink drunk from a rural man" in the region.

How did the important British specialties now start to build up their position?
Let's look back at the history of Scotch whiskey .

From drugs to confined sake

Distilled spirit technology is said to have started in the Middle East.
It was in the 15th century that it was transmitted to Ireland and Scotland. It was made in a monastery and was initially treated as a medicine.

At that time it was called "Aqua Witte". It means "water of life" in Latin.
I still have distilled liquor made from potato called Aquabit.

Although it is for medical use, it is a delicious alcohol if you drink it.
It is natural that it got drunk as liquor.

Robert Haag started the distillation industry in 1627 after strongly passing the century.
This will be John Hague later.
Whiskey making which can quickly convert barley into money is an attractive industry, and in 1644 the Scottish Parliament started taxing whiskey.

Changes in sake brewing will occur in 1707.
When the Scottish parliament was abolished and integrated into England this year, the Assembly taxed whiskey producers guts.

That tax rate that seems to be mid-harassment.
If you pay to Matumo, it will be about 20 times to 30 times the cost price.
So the Scottish people thought.

Even if it says

it is simple.
I decided to smash whiskey.

Such movement spreads at an accelerated pace, and half of the whiskey manufactured in Scotland is a time when it was a smoked sake.

"Idiots! Brandy will have a color but!"

Contaminated sake brewers fled to highlands in northern Scotland · Highland, and began to produce intensely produced sake.

I do not know if they were thinking deeply, but Highland had the best conditions for making whiskey.
Delicious water, terrain with height difference.
And Pete (peat) full!

Pete is not very efficient as fuel, and it smells peculiarly when it burns. There is not much use.
It is still essential for whiskey making, but in other words, there is no other use than that.

Anyhow if the denser at that time decides to use Pete to dry malt, it is strange, does not it have a unique smoke odor?

"What a cry, smell me, who is going to drink like this"
"Stupid fellow! Do not be afraid to save money by using Pete carefully, please do not pinch it, do not be afraid, do not forget that this is the smell of whiskey is such a thing!"
Imagining it, there must have been such an idea change.
"Smokey flavor" which Masataka Takezuru stuck with Massan was born out of such saving measures.

Furthermore they devoured the taming & packed the finished whiskey in a sherry barrel that was emptied for cost savings.
I opened the lid of whiskey that was made like this and was surprised twice! It was dyed in amber this time.

Actually, freshly made whiskey is colorless and transparent as well as jin and shochu.
Besides, the shelter with the color and aroma of Shelley barrels, the person who saw it for the first time, it will be a shame.

"Well, it is discoloring! This guy is not for sale …"
"Even idiot! Brandy will have a color, but it has become a beautiful amber color, so it can be said that the color of whiskey is like that!"
I wonder if this kind of change was made in turn.

After this process of whiskey, the whiskey became the current figure.
The English Council also regulates the smoked sake many times because of the tax collection, but it was hard to crack down in a state of ruggedness.

When George IV is desired!?

When the Scottish people drank heavily smoked whiskey.
The English people were drinking gin, beer, wine, brandy and so on.
The whiskey had only the image "Scattered rice cake made by Tamachima".

This situation was changed George IV .

Looking for the advantage in George IV Muri of the UK King who played out a huge amount of debt ……

Although George IV of George IV which is not popular as a king that is not the least secure, art sense is quite good.
And another one is Scottish happiness of 1822.

Quilt that George IV led the limelight to this Scotland visit.
And it was a whiskey.

"I will tell you that whiskey made by a man named George Smith living in the valley of rivet (Glen rivet) is delicious. I'd like to drink it certainly"

The Scottish people were astounded at this hearing.
Anyway, George Smith's whiskey is a smoked sake.
His Majesty the King wants to drink heavy whiskey!

Smith who was nominated by the King was a poor man.
While cultivating a variety of work to feed the family, he was smashing whiskey.
That became famous. It was a chance given by heaven.

Smith got government approval in 1824.
This is the first distillery officially recognized by the government to be born.

* Including Smith following the same time Glen rivet is gaining popularity as the origin of whiskey maker boasting the history of the second century.

With a blend of refreshing habit taste

Scottish whiskey manufacturers got stuck.
Continuing after Smith, many manufacturers will establish brands.

In the late nineteenth century, the brandy of France was devastated by the harm of grape aphids, and the demand for whiskey increased more and more.

However, the taste familiar to Scottish people was also quite habitable to the English people.
"Somehow smelly smells"
"Is not it idyllic, I mean country food …?"

In "Massan" the hero was lamented as "Japanese people can not understand the taste of whiskey!", In fact the Englishians did so.

The Scottish people are rich in ideas and are flexible.
Suppresses your habit, can you taste easy to drink?
And, the grain · whiskey attracted attention there.

Continuous stills were developed in the first half of the 19th century.
This distiller is suitable for making grain · whiskey.

For malt · whiskey made from barley, the grain · whiskey made from corn and wheat is refreshing and features a habitless taste.
It was thought that if you mix malt and grain, it would be easier to become habit and easier to drink.

"No, Scotch whiskey is malt! Grain is a wrong way"
Although such a controversy also broke out, in 1909, "The blended and whiskey which mixed the malt and the grain can also be regarded as Scotch whiskey" arrived.

Blended / whiskey is easy to drink without habit, became very popular.
The whiskey, the image of the alcohol that the Scottish chewy drinking has disappeared, and it became a representative sake in Britain.

Mr. Masataka Takezuru from Japan to Scotland was in 1918, nine years after the whiskey controversy was settled.

History of Scotland on a drop of amber present

History of Scotland is rooted in liquor called whiskey.

Not only this process of establishment but also the history of Scotland can be felt from labels and brand name.
There are many sake brewed with great names, but also Scotch whiskey.

· Claymore …… Scottish traditional handed sword. A saber-shaped one-handed sword of a Scottish unit used from the 18th century is called like this

· Clan …. Clan McGregor, clan cabel etc. Clan and Scotland's unique system "Clan"

· Highland Queen …… About Scottish Queen Mary Stuart. Before life he was spared out as a queen who lacked political skills and eventually was pursued of his mother country, but after death he became legendary and now it is the centerpiece of historic sightseeing. On the label of whiskey, her noble figure straddling a horse is drawn

· 100 PIPERS … … After William III and Mary II became King of England after James II who was pursued by the honorary revolution. But those who complained it insisted that Charles Stuart was a legitimate king. I call them Jacobite. In the Jacobite Scotland army there was a military band blowing 100 Pagpipes to boost morale. Even if they were shot they blew up Pugpipe without fear. It is derived from 100 people blowing Pagpipe

· Antikuarie …… after the name of the writer Walter · Suot in Scotland

As you can see, the whiskey tightly packed with history.
The unique fragrance and taste were also born from a tightly history that resisted liquor tax.

People in Scotland seem to be good at inventing and rich in ideas.
It is incongruous to try and taste the straight sometimes while thinking about the strength of the Scottish people who thought "This is whiskey" with the idea of ​​reversal.

sentence: Blue Koyaki

[References]

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