The history of elephants and Japanese people is surprisingly interesting! Those who got the first and last names of the rank of "Warren southern fourth place white elephant" in order to audit the Emperor


From children to adults, the elephants still like in the zoo.
Recently it tends to be talked about to the baby of the panda, but from the historical website point of view, compared with the giant panda which has confirmed the fossil of 8 million years ago, the elephant was more old 50 million years ago .

This time I would like to chase the history of elephants with reference to the book " elephant's wisdom" ] referencing the charm of the largest animal on land I will!

Mammoth was discovered only in Hokkaido in Japan

As stated earlier, the oldest fossil was discovered from the formation about 50 million years ago.

At this time there were primates on the earth, but there were no monkeys (about seven million years ago) even of mankind, of course. In contrast, about 340 species of elephants are thought to be prosperous.
However, at present, only 3 kinds of Asian elephant, African elephant, Marmimi elephant are left, Indian elephant is a subspecies of Asian elephant.

The mammoth and Naumannou that were left until relatively recently should be forgotten.
Fossils have been found in these two species even in Japan, and sometimes they appear as chillies around the beginning of history manga.
It seems likely that our distant ancestors were eating any elephant.

When it comes to

I personally think of "the beginning of the human gangles".
It is a classic scene in this manga that they chased mammoths, caught them, made them food.

Therefore, it may be imagined that "the type of elephant that Japanese primitive person was pursuing would be mammoth", but unfortunately that fossil is found only in Hokkaido. This was honestly surprising.

Furthermore, I also misunderstood about "physique".
When expressing something huge, words such as "Mammoth School" are used, do not you?
So, mammoth is pretty decorative! Although it thought that, actually the size does not change with Asian elephant etc.
Indeed the fangs are huge.

Mammoths were said to have been extinct several thousand years ago, and disappeared from Japan about 10,000 years ago.

I wish it was even making "Elephant Temple" against Kinkakuji and Ginkakuji

The fossil of mammoth was found only in Hokkaido, whereas "Naumannou" was inhabited widely all over Japan.

They emerged about 500,000 years ago and survived until about 2 to 16,000 years ago.
In Japan it is around the beginning of the Jomon era.
Domestically, it is known that a large number of fossils were excavated at Lake Nojiri (Nagano Prefecture).

The body is somewhat smaller than Asian elephant and the whole body is hairy like the mammoth.
"Nauman" which was the origin of the name is a person's name, named for Heinrich Edmund Nauman, a foreigner employed in Japan in the early Meiji era.

He is a German geologist and he seems to have studied specimens of Naumannisho for the first time.
Tokyo imperial university (now: The University of Tokyo) I was appointed as the first professor of the geology department, and I was also advocating the Fossa Magna theory.

Now, after the mammoth and Naumannou have become extinct, elephants have been absent from Japan for a while, and it is 1408 (15 years) that you can see that figure next.
It was an elephant of a Southwestern ship that stormed in Wakasa country.
This ship belongs to Lord Southern Asia 's head chief, Ara Bin Shin (Aladdin), and he seems to have loaded various items as a donation to Ashikaga Shogun. Apart from elephants, there were peacocks and parrots too.

From Wakasa to Kyoto. The elephant was carried over a month, gifted to the General of Time and Ashikaga Ashikaga 4th. And this elephant will be presented to the King of the kings from the general after about three years.
What did you get from people? Although it may be thought, it is a big animal of an ancestor, and since the feeding cost is not stupid, it may be that the generals have surplus in hand.

If you are making even "Elephant Temple" against the Kinkakuji and Ginkakuji, it is possible for elementary school student to remember the name of Yoshimo in history class too.

Yoshimitsu Ashikaga's son, Yoshihisa Ashikaga / quoted from wikipedia

Elephants, however, require qualifications to go up to the palace

Following the gift to the Ashikaga Shogunate, the second elephant (a coined word of mine named after the migrant · there is no such kind) is a little open, 1574 (Tensho 2nd year) It is about the Sengoku period. A Ming boat was brought to Hakata.

Furthermore, in 1597 (Keicho 2nd year), Manila Governor-General to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, 1602 (Keicho 7) year was also awarded by Vietnam to Tokugawa Ieyasu.

but what is often left in the record is the arrival elephant in 1728 (Kyoho 13 years).

This time Yoshimune Tokugawa was familiar with the reform of Kyoho.
A Chinese merchant has brought sexes from Vietnam to Nagasaki.

Unfortunately, females died three months after arrival, but the male took 2 months from March 1729 and landed from Nagasaki to Edo.
Because it is a land road, along Kyoto along the way.
Naturally there is a Gosho, and this elephant also has the privilege of having an audience for Emperor Midomigo.

But there was a problem.
Even an elephant requires a certain status to go up to the imperial place.
Only in cases without an unprecedented situation, the staffs in charge would have been troubled.
So, what's the matter?

This elephant was given the rank and name of "Warren southern fourth place white elephant".
It is not a joke.

Speaking of the fourth place in the Edo period, the old ranking classes or elderly names of over 100,000 stones are taken. It is quite a rank.
In addition to being able to audition the Emperor in this way, its appearance surprised people and was drawn also in tile plates.

The elephant attached to Edo met Yoshimune and was bred for 12 years at Hama Palace (present Hamarikyu).
However, there is a death accident of the rear-raising person on the feeding cost, and it is paid by the farmer's name in Nakano-mura, and it becomes sick in the following year.
After all, just for Yoga sophisticated frugality, was the feeding cost a neck?
I died in the next year when I was paid, but it caught me somewhat … Dark.

Thereafter, elephants for showcase also appeared in 1863 (Bunraku 3 years) at the end of the Tokugawa period.
A total of seven elephants arrived by the Edo era, all of them are considered Asian elephants, and the first meeting with the Japanese African elephant is after the war.

Unfortunate wartime while symbolizing peace … …

In the Meiji Elephant's showcase flourishes, in addition to showing her appearance, she will also perform arts.

I did not have a full-scale breeding facility until I got a zoo, but in 1888 (Meiji 21 years) the elephant raising boom began.
Kikkake was a facility built in the big cities such as Osaka and Nagoya, after entering Taisho in the Kyoto city zoo, since the elephant visited the same zoo which was the accessory facility of the Ueno Park Museum.

And the enlarged elephant boom will soon cause a tragedy.

When the Second World War began, 10 elephants who were in Japan at that time died of food shortage and slaughter.
In elementary school students, people who read "poor elephant" who drew their murder and tears would be a lot.
Of the three elephants that survived at this time, one died soon after the war because of the harsh environment, and only two of Nagoya-shi Higashiyama Zoo could connect their lives.
After the war, in order to meet these two heads, "elephant train" carrying children from all over the country was operated.

Thus this movement is accelerated when elephants are presented to Ueno Zoological Gardens from Thailand and India in 1949 (1949) due to children's hope and pleasure.
We will be visiting Japan one after another and in 10 years we can meet at 32 zoos.

Just as elephants became a symbol of peace.
Recently there are noisy topics such as missile experiments in neighboring countries, but I hope that you can continue peacefully seeing elephants in the zoo forever.

From the above, the story introduced this time is " Elephant's Wisdom We refer to (Taniya Kazusen SPP publishing), which sets the attraction of the largest animal on land.

The history part is only a part, and this book is full of everything related to elephants, from elephant evolution to biological properties, hormonal dynamics, breeding, breeding methods.

Although there are contents which are somewhat difficult, if you proceed from the part where you are interested, it is guaranteed to be one elephant in town.

Those who love elephants certainly ~.

sentence / Mari Mabuchi (a female doctor who loves ninja and eyeglasses)
his own ameblo is here ♪

[Reference]

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