The Genghis Rebellion Matmei (Saga's Ran · Kamikaze no Ran · Akizuki no Ran · Hagi no Ran · Southwest War)


Every age there are people who can not keep up with people who can hardly change.

In the Meiji Era, the difference appeared remarkably.
The good and bad things that remained in history are people called so-called "complaints".

Probably the big drama "Saigo doll" will be handled over the second few months.
None, The last of Saigo Takamori · Southwest War (1877) is a great deal, and until then the following civil warts were present.

Saga's Ran (1874)
Kamikaze no Ran (1876)
Akizuki's Ran (1876)
Hagi no Ran (1876)

Until the southwest war of 1877, you will understand what is going on in various ways.
However, it tends to make it somewhat frustrating.

So this time I would like to comprehend this The Rebellion of the Anpestate ( the Revolutionary Revolution ) clearly.

Regarding the turbulence of Saga and the Southwest War, we also detail the details in another article

【TOP image】 Southwest War Nishikie / Battle of Kumamoto Castle / National Diet Library

A political change in Meiji era occurred over the theory of Conqueror

After the Meiji Restoration, most of the samurai (samurai) went unemployed mainly by abolished clerk (1871) and draft decree (1873).
Some of them started to trade and showed their mentality, but their dissatisfaction increased as the salaries ceased from the government.

Even when switching from Sengoku to the Edo period, people who got scattered by the team of Mome, Osaka by the way of how to do the ronin who lost their jobs became enemy forces. But why did the Meiji Government fail to advance the drastic measures in advance?

The anger of the relatives who did not get a job exploded [the political change in the sixth year of the Meiji period] was impatient.
Takamori Saigo and Isegaki Suzuki dropped Shimono (resigning from the central government) through a political struggle surrounding the theory of Seo Han.

Illustration – Shota Tominaga

The argument with Ku Han is not a controversy about nothing anything to attack and merge Korea.
As a final goal, I was thinking about going there, but first of all it is the purpose of "Which way do you want to turn your eyes to the Korean Peninsula and the West?"

As Saigo himself entered into Korea as a special envoy, promoted negotiations, and in some cases he tried to prevent explosion by using Koreans who gathered complaints for the Korean strategy.
It is the faction that opposes this Okubo Toshimichi and Iwakura mentions and others.
They looked around the Western countries and was keenly aware of the necessity of strengthening national strength anyway.

As a result, the Koreanists are defeated, Saigo and many samurai also return home.

Certainly, there was a small rebellion of the samurai who opposed the policy of Westernization of the new government before.
However, with the political change of this Meiji 6 year, it expanded at a stretch.

◆ Saga's Ran

The relatives also hoped that they could use themselves if the conquest of Koreans were organized, so that they could make money and earn income.
It became obstinate, so it would not be strange that everyone could endure patience at once.

In addition, celebrities such as Saigo returning to the locality will become a good flag.

First in Meiji 7 Saga's Ran came up.
The details are somewhat complicated about this, so if you would like to learn more please see past articles.

Why did Saga's turbulence occur? And how was it suppressed? The speculation of Eto Shinpei and Okubo Toshimichi

Furthermore, it will be issued in the Meiji Era until the Delete Order .
In October of this year, the disturbance of Kamifusu, the turbulence of Akizuki, the turbulence of Hagi and the mass rebellion of the complaints became one after another.

Let's introduce one by one.

◆ Kamikaze no Ran

The rebellion centered on the emerging religion of the Shinto system called "Goddess Party" that was in Kumamoto.
Therefore, it is also called "disturbance of the Goddess Party".

Although the goddess party participated in the Emperor Huisi movement at the end of the Tokugawa period, he opposed the Westernizationism of the Meiji government because of his weight on Shintoism.
And I felt that I was deprived of pride as a samurai and likeness of Japanese by the ordinance of the disposal, and I used to use force.

The Ginseng party had a broad perspective and had plans to make an alliance with strangers involved in Akizuki 's turbulence and Hagi no Ran, described later, and to cooperate and plan to uprise in late October.
However, the plan hurriedly escorted Kumamoto Tendai strategy from the inside of the company to the prefectural office.

At one time I made up to the killer of Commander of Kendai and Kumamoto Prefecture Ordinance (things like the governor), but the next day the soldiers soldiers regulated the system and was repelled.
About 170 people participated in the turbulence of Kamikaze, but nearly half were self-edged, 48 were punished including the death penalty and 29 people were released.

It is said that there were four people who escaped and participated in the Southwest War.

Kamikaze no Ran nishikie / quoted from wikipedia

◆ Akizuki no Ran

This is a rebellion by the former Akishuki clan (about 450 people).

The Akizuki clan is the clan of Uesugi Takayama's parents house, and is also the clan who produced many famous people.
Initially, they were trying to respond to the "Saga no Ran" mentioned above, but we were abandoning the preparations in time.

There was an invitation called "Let's do it together" (super translation) from the above goddess party there, so I will hesitate but eventually I will agree.
I also talked to the former Ogura Samurai in the neighborhood, but he said he could not get the approval of this.

However, while gdgd, they received a surprise attack from Ogura Yotsushi, even among the former Akizuki clan, a fellowship broke out, even those who commit suicide went out.
Despite the rebellion at one time, the government army arrived instantly and has been completely suppressed at the beginning of November.

Quotation from Akitsuki's Ran / "wikipedia" from "Seinan Keiseki Keisoku Ueno"

◆ Hagi no Ran

By the revolt by the former Choshu clan, this was also a large household of 332 people.

What he was hired by the leader is Mr. Maehara Maehara.
He was serving as Otomo Masujiro as successor to Daisuke Usuibe (a role like a defense deputy in modern times), but conflicts over the disposition of Takanobu Kido and the Cavalry Rebellion, returning to Choshu and secluting It was.

When the turbulence of Saga occurred from the prefecture
"I will be in trouble if Saga's Rebel Army enters Changzhou, collect some friends for a while" [super-translation]
It seems that there was something that was said, and it was not considered a dangerous person at that time.

At this time there were as many as 3000 young soldiers gathered.
It means that there was so much local desire.

In addition, Maehara was "I agreed with the theory of Ku Han", "I am against the reform of the land tax and dismantlement of the religion".
In summary, "It is said that there are 3,000 people opposed to the Meiji government's policy in Changzhou."

Kido who was concerned about these things tried to prevent emergency by suggesting that he should take over to Maebara (one of the great Masaru who was in the early Meiji era), but he will be refused.
For that reason Kido sent a spy to Changzhou, and he was monitoring Maehara 's movements.

It seems that at this point they gathered each other and had some sort of consultation, but Maebara did not reach concrete action.

However, I will decide to be a martial artist under the turbulence of Kamikaze.

Although I first tried to raid the Yamaguchi prefectural government office, it did not go well because it was blocked by the government forces.
Compared with the grudge party and Akizuki 's turbulence, because Maehara and the following were gathered together and it was a group with a high morale, the government forces are a bit more involved until crusing, and 77 casualties are issued.

Maehara who was trying to escape to Iwami was caught and suppressed.

Nagaku no Hagi no Nishikie / quoted from wikipedia

There is only Saigo remaining.

Thus all the religious insurgents are
"Lack of preliminary underpinning"
"Information leakage from inside"
It was failing by etc.

Including those who were not acting, the complaints thought that "People with their desires, achievements and military leadership ability will lead us to do something" Let's see.

And Saigo Takamori met all of those conditions.

After the political change in the sixth year of the Meiji era, Takamori Saigo left the political circle and was retiring in Kagoshima.
Several people accompanied by Saigo and returning to Kagoshima made a school for the samurai and appeased the antipathy, but at the same time it was also possible to create a "group of human beings with minds of martial arts" I will.

Amidst the weakness to the samurai, the samurai of Kagoshima also attracted the government's antipathy.
Farmers opposed to reform of land taxes also caused riots in various places and the feet of the Meiji government seemed to be in danger.

Therefore, the goddess party, the former Akizuki samurai, the former Choshu clan, etc. also hoped for a rally in Saigo, local citizens and Kagoshima, who are the workers of the Restoration.

Obviously the Meiji government is wary of it and I am sending a spy.
Although Saigo was originally opposed to the ability exercise, I did not think that I would still rally ….

◆ Southwest War

However, in January of the Meiji period, the Meiji government would do something that would be a fire for the rally.

I tried to collect the ammunition found in the Kusuda Army Powderhouse in Kagoshima without contacting the prefectural government.

This is equivalent to saying "They can not be trusted in Kagoshima so it can not be deposited with such dangerous things".
As a result, I raise the school's siblings and some of them take away armies and navy ammunition.

In addition, it was discovered that a spy sent from the government was found, and that Saigo assassination plan was set up, and the relatives decided to use force.

In this way Saogo could not be stopped, decided to become the flag and prepare to command the rebellion.
People involved in the area of ​​Kyushu who had been expecting Saigo et al. For a long time also participated, and the rebel army will expand to a considerable scale.

The Meiji government who saw the situation seriously organized a conquering army with Governor Arimura Arisugawa as princess. In addition to the police to the Army and Army, it was a 60,000 army.

In contrast, the total of the Saigo army is 30,000.
"What, if there is a difference in the number of soldiers, you might think that the government army is the victory of the government," I guess.

However, if you think that "Saigo alone has the influence to collect half the soldiers of the government army", it is a situation that can not be optimistic at all.
If the government army loses to the Saigo army, the influence will go to the whole country, and the way to the modern state which has steadily begun to fall will collapse.

The Southwest War that began like this.
After a fierce battle such as the battle of Kumamoto castle and the battle of Taharazaka, the Saigo army was gradually being driven to the south.

Saigo ended the war and the war ended in September, more than half a year after the outbreak.

The damage by the government forces was enormous, and it is said that there were 6,800 deaths and about 9,200 battlecasters.
It is an outright proportion that "half of enemy opponent opponents, 1/4 of the troops of the army came out".

If we were capturing the morale of a soldier who had joined the Saigo army in the Southwest War, it might have been a big advantage for the Meiji government as well.

Meanwhile, the victory of government forces in the Southwest War also proved that "the army made by conscription by the government can beat the samurai who should be the main job."
Therefore, it seems that the relatives of each place also thought "It is useless even if we do it because Saigo did not do it."

Since the Southwest War, no rebellion by the samurai happened.

Meiji Government who overcame a problem (stepped on) eventually finally established centralization.

Chitose Changchun

More detailed articles on the Southwest War to the following

Ohkubo cried for "inspect" in which sorrow civil war / south war war is refreshed is "stabbing"!

Reference: The Dictionary of Kokugaku Daigaku "The Genghis Kyoku" "Kamikaze no Ran" "Akizuki no Ran" "Hagi no Ran" "The Southwest War"

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