Siebold was a genuine sunbathing person … Did you know that he was coming back to Japan 30 years after the Siebold incident?


Who are you "type thoroughly doing one thing" and "type to tackle various things little by little"?
Because it is a direction / unsuitable story, neither which is good nor bad, can not be said, and there are also people who use properly for work and private.
In rare cases, however, some people are enthusiastic about one thing with amazing concentration. This time is one of them, a story of that person who appears in Japanese history as well as world history.

1866 (Edo period in Japan, first year of Keio) October 18th is the day when Philipp Franz von · siebold died.

Opening a private private school "Narutaki cram school" in Nagasaki, or even his name "19459008] Siebold incident " is what it is like, even in confusing at the end of the Tokugawa period, It is a person.
Let's chase the lifetime with points that his character seems to be this time this time.

German aristocratic families and grandfathers and fathers at college doctors

Siebold was born in 1796 in the town of Würzburg in the German Federation.

Currently belonging to the state of Bavaria, Germany, it is known as the starting point of the Romantic Road. It is also famous that there are other wine producing areas or world heritage "Wurzburg Residenz (palace)".
The Siebold family was also a family member of a noble family with a long history, and both Siebold's grandfather and father served as a doctor at the university.

Unfortunately, Siebold was brought up by a maternal uncle who lives in a neighboring town because he lost his father Johan at the age of 1.
In fact there were older brothers and sisters, but they also died in young age. Although it is common in this age, it was a situation where I was feeling as if I was one mother alone.

Without my uncle, Siebold and Mother and Mary would have been considerably painful lives.
It is said that relatives also had many aristocratic classes, but that's why I am sorry that I can stay quietly.

Siebold grew steadily and entered the philosophy department of Würzburg University at the age of 19.
Although it is a family line of doctors, relatives will persuade them and learn medical science, animals, plants and geography.

It seems that he was living in a professor's house of anatomy while he was in school.
That is why he was doing Yancha and he had fought 33 times during his school days. I also made scratches on my face.
It became a quarrel for reasons such as being hurt by pride of aristocracy or such feeling, it became "If it is OK, if it is a battlefield!" Well it was something I was not kicked out of the university or the house like that.

Nevertheless, I am not sure as it is being introduced by professors of anatomy from professors of botany.
Perhaps it is out of time with the battle.

At any rate, Siebold, who gained a variety of knowledge about plants from that professor, will become more interested in the whole field of natural science by expanding its interests.

"Since I am from the mountains in the Netherlands, there is a stitching ^ ^;"

Emigrated to the Netherlands in 1822 after graduating from university.
I made a pair with a surgeon of King Willem I of the Netherlands and became an army hospital of Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) through him.

Since I signed the letter "Major surgical institution and survey mission", it seems that I was engaged in the government or military.
In addition, there seems to be a theory that thinks that a spy to Japan was ordered at the time of immigration to the Netherlands … ….

But for that, it will be that we have to have the infiltration technique of Ninja bursa "come to Japan after infiltrating the Dutch army" …… Matsuo Bashō Ninja theory is still possible I will do.

And in 1823, he became affiliated with the Dutch army in Jakarta, Watanabe.
While staying in Jakarta I got permission and hoped that I would like to go to the site "I want to study Alecolle in Japan" to the governor of the Dutch East India, finally come to Japan.

Of course, the destination was Dejima, who became a doctor of the Dutch trading center.

Nagasaki Dejima at the time of Siebold's visit to Japan (from an exotic circulation) / National Diet Library

Actually, at this time, there was a secret history of separation.

Actually Siebold is a German, so it seems there was some cliche in Dutch.
It seems that it was inaccurate than the Japanese verb (interpreter), so it might be that the language was not good at it.

Naturally the Japanese side was suspected, but Siebold said that "I am a mountain part of the Netherlands, so there is a paddle ^ ^;" (transliteration) and pushing gully.
As you all know, there are not mountains in the Netherlands, they have plenty of reclaimed land and only minus the sea level, but the Japanese at that time was said to have broken off because they do not know such a thing ……

If you were to show up here, it was probably that there was a change in what happened later or sore.

Come to Japan and summarize the "Japanese Museum of Natural History"

After overcoming the crisis in this way, I have volunteered to volunteerly and are working on research with whole-hearted spirits.
In the autumn of the year when I came to Japan (= a few months later), I'm about to dismiss the "Japanese magazine". Brush, it's too early.

In addition, I opened a clinic in Dejima, and in 1824 I opened Narutaki Juku outside of Dejima, so I guess it was pretty busy.
At the cram school we taught Ranakaku to many Japanese doctors and scholars, such as Takano Takano, and has given us great and bad influence.

Perhaps, the disciples heard the culture and nature around Japan.

Two years after arriving in Japan, it is said that in 1825 he made a botanical garden on Dejima and cultivated more than 1,400 plants before leaving Japan.
Although there is knowledge of the way, it should be difficult to raise plants of foreign countries so well.
Siebold may be a person with cultivating talent, which may be called "Green Sam" or "Green Hand".

I also heard that I sent Japanese tea tree seeds to Java Island.
In Indonesia, cultivation of tea has been tried several times and sometimes failed, so I do not know if Siebold's greens grew well or not ….

Encouraged friendship with Edogawa scholars at the audience of Tokugawa Ieji

In addition, daily medical care, education, life attitudes seemed to be serious, and it is also permissible to exit Dejima specially in the town of Nagasaki.

In 1826, when the Dutch Commerce Director (Capitan) attended Edo, he accompanied me as a member of the companion.
In the middle of the street I was absorbed in studying Japanese nature, and I was investigating geography, vegetation, climate, astronomy and so on.
I am eager to work. Although there is also a spy.

Siebold himself also audited the 12th generation general Tokugawa Ieji and actively participated in Japanese education in the town of Edo.

Menzu is a general doctor, Fukazumi Katsuragawa, Ran scholar · Udagawa Ryuan, Former Satsuma lord · Shimazu heavy heavyweight, lord of Nakatsu · Sachihiro Okudaira, Yezo explorer · Mogami Tokuuchi Astronomy Takahashi Shimoji et al.
No, it is already a crowd of people.

I got a map of the north from the virtue, and conducted [exchange of the latest world map and the latest Japanese map] with Takahashi Kaibo.
This will be a big problem later (For details of the Siebold incident, please see the following article).

Was the Siebold incident happened? What happened to Takahashi Kaibo who tried to exchange the map?

Incidentally, it seems that Johan Willem de Suterel, who was accompanied me, had applied for a duel for the reason "to be uncooperative with academic research". Battle fight, change strangely! Teck, that person, you are a boss for the first time …

The daughter's rice was born between Kusumoto Falls and the Siebold incident

Siebolds went back to Nagasaki while spreading the fire under the table and the water surface in this way.

In 1827, a daughter · Kusumoto rice was born with the wife · Kusumoto Falls in Japan.
As I mentioned earlier about her, please have the following article for the direction you are interested in.

Japan's first female doctor / Kusumoto Rice father is that Dutch doctor · Siebold

"Siebold incident" is the year after that.

Originally Siebold was planning to return to this year, but the accident that the ship that went off was shipwrecked and many of the cargo leaked out into the sea came.
A part of it flowed to the coast of Japan, it became a big problem because there was a Japanese map of the shogunate forbiddance.

If the maps and charts cross over to other countries, the geography of Japan is like to help Bale, invasion. Naturally, the shogunate demanded Siebold to return the map.
However, because he refused stubbornly, after being departed, it will be expelled from abroad.

In the original schedule, this was temporary returning home and planned to come back to Japan in three years, but that was also rejected.

In addition, various scholars who interacted with Siebold were in a joint / imprisonment.
That is why foreigners are the main case, but also in Japanese history, they are dealt largely.

Siebold who left Japan in this unwilling form.
It was in 1830 that I came back to the Netherlands.

Although some were lost, there were still more than 26,000 total samples of flora and fauna, literature and ethnographic collections. I used to endure a long journey.

That Perry also came to Japan referring to Siebold's book !?

The contact point with Japan has not disappeared as being decorated from the Netherlands government after returning home, being the staff of the Dutch East Indian Army staff and handling the affairs of Japanese relations.

We also encouraged personal writing, and published a total of 7 volumes of record "Japan".
This is regarded as the only historical material of Japan equal to that of the Western society at that time, and it is said that Matthew Calbreth · Perry of the Black Sea arrival was also referred to.

Perry is an unknown presence in the US! Perry's hardship talks that demanded the opening of the Black Ships

Siebold which became known to the world as a leading researcher of Japanese studies in this way.
From Bonn University in Germany, I was invited as the first professor of Japanese studies in Europe.
I refuse whether I will become difficult to go to Japan if I become a professor. It's a bit wasteful.

After that it is moving for the opening of Japan.
I drafted the King of the Netherlands and the emperor of Russian Emperor, and recommended Perry to "negotiate (physics) better" (__ · ω · `) (super translation), and this time also passed I showed it for the first time in a day.

Were God's exemption for his efforts, Siebold's coming to Japan again?

When Japan opened in 1854 and thereafter a trade treaty was signed with the Netherlands, the expulsion order was lifted.

Thus, in 1859, as an advisor to a trading company in the Netherlands, he returned to Japan for the first time in about 30 years.
It is said that it is proof of his parents' duty to become an advisor of the shogunate, what is it saying?

Although I came to Japan again, I was stared at the shogunate and retreated Again ……

Siebold contacts and actively provides information in addition to the Netherlands, whenever the officials from Prussia and France come to Japan.
I feel somewhat irritated, I guess it was originally thought that "Japan should be opened."
Because I opened the country, I wanted you to do well with the Western countries.

But this movement is not favorable for the shogunate.

Departed from Edo and advisory dismissal, I was supposed to return to the Netherlands in May 1862.

Before returning home, I asked the British Embassy Rutherford Allcock to make my son, Alexander born with my wife in the Netherlands an official of the British Legal Department.
…… I did not make my son dash to keep the point of contact with Japan, no way.

Despite returning to Japan, it seems that there has been some reluctance on Japanese research afterwards.

Even after being appointed to the position of the military, I asked him to belong to the department of diplomatic relations with Japan, and I bought the Dutch government to purchase 2,500 collections collected in Japan.

In addition, we are seeking guarantees for losses from expulsion from Japan. Although none have failed.
It may be said that the fighting speed of the student days was good, and the interpersonal negotiation was not very good at it.

Siebold (from Heterogeneous Series) / National Diet Library

Many Japanese visit to the grave of Munich

Did she disappoint in the country called the Netherlands, Siebold who quit his office returns to Germany's hometown · Wurzburg.

Still, the passion for Japan still has not disappeared, and I am cooperating with the Japanese ambassador to the European Union Ikeda Mao who has been taking a trip to Europe in May 1864 but. Netsuke Panier.

Ikemen foreign magistrate and Tokoname Ikeda "Sphinx and Samurai" were photographed in the middle of the Buddha

Even after I return to my hometown, I am proposing to sell a collection I brought back from Japan to King Budapest Ludwig II.

Although I was refused again here, I exhibited a collection at the high school in Würzburg and held "Japan Museum". I am going in Munich just before my death.
I was really trying to tell Europe about Europe until the end of the end.

While hoping for the third visit to Japan, I eventually became septic by choking a cold, I took my breath in Munich.
Therefore, the grave is also in the former Munich Southern Cemetery.

I can not put it here because the image is only found in individual travel stories, but it is a tomb of a distinctive shape.
It seems probably to have made it from the sketch of Siebold or something to reproduce the shape of the pagoda. It is quite different form from the pagoda in Japan …. It's natural.

Munich itself is also a sightseeing spot, and many Japanese visit Siebold's tomb.

Even though there are Japanese travel stories and videos, it seems that the neighborhood where it does not come out on Google Maps shows the thinness of interest in Europe in Europe.
Well, Perry also seems to be less well known in the US, and it may be nice for Siebold that he became famous as a Japanese opponent.

This is the Siebold Memorial Hall in Nagasaki City / photo by STA 3816 quoted from wikipedia

Chitose Changchun

Reference: Siebold / wikipedia

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