Sanada Yukimura (Nobuhito Sanada) A refreshing commentary on the life of 45 years! What kind of warlords was Kimura of historical fact?


cavalry warrior who wears brilliant armor to prosper death territory · Yukimura Sanada -.
Even if it is not a history fan, everyone may have had the experience of being deprived of their appearance at once.

In the charge of grandparents “Isada Tadashi”.
The child is “Sanada Taroi”.
The grandchildren are “Sengoku Musou” …… The work that comes to mind at Atma is different, but Yukimura’s name has always been loved by Japanese as a symbol of noble spirit.

However, it is.
When it comes to historical fact, it is full of unknown things about his first half life.

If you take a bad point of view, you can not deny the evaluation of “a one-shot shop that only worked at the teams of Osaka”, and even in the big drama “Sanada Maru” in 2016, the first half was Mr. Father · Masayuki Ishida Mitsunari had a presence.

That’s why I want to look back now.
What is the true value of the man who appeared like a comet at the team of Osaka?

What is Masuda Yukimura in historical facts?

Birth of Shinano ‘s national popular Sanada Fumio

Masuda Yukimura ‘s first half student is full of unknown things. It will tell you well that it is not clear from birth.

There is a theory similar to Date Masamune Eikyu 10 years (1567), there is also the theory of Tensho 10 years (1582) where Honnōji Temple occurred, there are multiple legends.

What I know is that the deceased Keicho 20 (1615) was about 45 years old.
My father was Masayuki Sanada of the Shinano who served the Takeda family, my mother was Yamanouchi (Kinmatsuin), same as my brother Nobuyuki. My child name is Balinese.

Origami is also ambiguous about my mother.
Although it seems to be from Kyoto certainly, there is also a record called a daughter of aristocrat Kikutei Haruhi, but the family does not balance with the Sanada family, and the same opinion is denied.

It is unclear as long as adults, so it is unknown what kind of life I was living in my childhood.
Because my father served the Takeda family in the birthplace, the possibility of Kofu would be high.

Mr. Takeda’s destruction

A major turning point in the life of Ukiha is that of Tensho 10 (1582) spring.
The Takeda family ( Katsunari Takeda ), the father of Masayuki Father, was destroyed.

At this time Umaru and other members of the Sanada family, like other families of the vassals, were in Takeda, home of Mr. Takeda as a hostage.

When Katsuta Takeda falls off from Niifu castle, it will fire the castle still under construction.
Flames are burning three days and three nights, it is said that numerous hostages were burned down. And when I left Shuugu Castle, I was upset on April 3, and I finished my life.

Masayuki Shosui · Yamanouchi, Nagao · Nobuyuki, the second son · Aika and others are struggling with starvation and plunderers, but finally they will lodge to the base of Sanada by battle.

At the same time it was also the beginning of the era of Sanada’s suffering.

Father · Masayuki will be in contact with Mr. Hojo after the death of the lord’s house, but in the end it is minister of the Oda family who invaded Takeda Temple.
The origin of the Sanada family was relieved and Masayuki entered under the heading of Kazuki Takigawa.

First of all I want to say I am relieved … … but this time on June 2, 19459014 Oda Nobunaga · Oda Nobuyoshi My son has accomplished her side death with “Honnōji Temple change” It is.

Illustration: Shota Tominaga

Holland era of Sanada Bali

Owner’s warlords left behind in the Takeda Territory after the death of the lord’s death by the lord were standing at a stroke.

Kazuyoshi Takigawa quickly returned Numata Castle to Masayuki. To pass the former Takeda territory safely, I am asking for help from Mr. Takeda Tokugawa Ieyasu who was a member of Shinbu Yoda (Yodobashige) .
Shinbashi suggested taking hostages from Saku and Oguni-gun for the request for this benefit.

In the hostage list, Mr. Masayuki Sanada’s elderly mother, Mr. Kawahara, the second son, A valentum was present.
In fact, when one profit wants to pass through the territory of Kiso Yoshimasu, he is requested to hand over the hostage, and hands Mr. Kawahara and Yukamaru to Yoshicho.
However, it seems that hostage was sufficient for Yoshihoshi alone, and it seems that only the bullet was released earlier.

Although it was a benefit that passed Old Takeda territory safely, I missed the “Kiyosaki Conference” which decides the way Oda family goes, dropped out of the successor race of Nobunaga.

Meanwhile, father / Masayuki of Ukihara was also at the moment’s critical point.

Takeda Katsuyoshi, Oda Nobunaga, and former Takeda territory where rulers cease to exist in succession.
In order to deprive this vast territory, the three people of Hojo, Uesugi and Tokugawa developed a three-way battle.

It was the beginning of a battle commonly called “Tenshin-Umi no Ran”.

Big fights of Kanto Koushinetsu are hit by goblins, even in the Warring States period.
Masayuki Sanada, who was at the center of it, will fight over the number of conspiracy.

Masayuki skillfully changed his opponent with Uesugi → Hojo → Tokugawa and moves around to secure the main line, but this intense fight is called October, Tenjyo (1582) October, Hojo and Tokugawa peacefully called It will be concluded in a form.

One item of this friendship condition had a great influence on the future of the Sanada family.

“Admitting Mr. Hojo to the possession of Ueno country and hand over Numata / Agatsuma territory of Sanada territory”

I had to give up the land I kept desperately and protected.

Numata is a key hub of traffic in the Kanto, Shinshu and Echigo, so we can not give it so easily.


※ The red castle mark (left) is Ueda castle, the two on the right are Numata Castle and the name Wu Ma Castle / Light blue = Kasugayama castle of Uesugi family / Kuyu = Takeda Katsuki’s Shofujo / Green = Hojyo’s Odawara Castle)

What on earth have you fought for?
Why must you hand over the territory from the Takeda vassal period in the first place?

In response to the unreasonable demand, if Masayuki Sanada is an ordinary national, it would have delivered tears and cryingly crying.
Even if Ieyasu Tokugawa, there may have been an arrogance that “it would not go wrong”.
At this time Ieyasu received a request from Masayuki and built a castle (Ueda castle) in Nyigaguchi.

As Ieyasu, it may have been the reason that “Ueda made a castle, please give Numata.”

But Masayuki does not think so.
That’s it, this is this.
Of course there are reasons for being bullied.

At this time the Tokugawa family could not secure a hostage from Sanada.
Masayuki’s mother, Mr. Kawahara, “Battle of Komaki and Nagakute” started with Hideyoshi while the hostage handover from Kiso to Tokugawa is prolonged due to poor physical condition.
Mr. Kawahara was returning to Masayuki during the confusion.

There is no reason for subordinating to Tokugawa no longer!
Masayuki departed from the Tokugawa, this time it is subordinate to Uesugi. Furthermore, we will acquire the negotiation route with Hashiba Hideyoshi via Uesugi.

At this time, the hostage issued as a dependent condition was Sanada Sanmaru.

Uesugi who was entrusted to Uesugi family was also given an intelligence, and he decided to serve as Uesugi vassal.
What kind of guidance is it?
The details are unknown but it is not mere hostage that is no longer a valuable affair, and Masayuki Shosui and Yamanouchi are also sent to the Uesugi family as a new hostage.

And Tensho 13th (1585), Masayuki will fight against Tokugawa Masaru who rushed to Ueda castle.

The First Ueda Battle.
In this battle that is famous as a battle where Sanada won the great victory while losing many, the role that Ukifumu played is not well understood.
In one theory, it is said that it was placed in the defense of Huzu old castle.

Shinji Sanada in Osaka

At the first Ueda battle, Masayuki Sanada repulsed the Tokugawa. I will win the great victory.

And Masayuki aims to join hands with Hashiba Hideyoshi in order to make the momentum advantage for the Tokugawa forces.
To Hideyoshi for Tokugawa is the enemy since “Battle of Komaki and Nagakute”. For Sanada, Hashiba is “the enemy’s enemy is a friend”.

However, a harmonization was established between Hideyoshi and Tokugawa. In addition Tokugawa joined the alliance with Hojo who was intensely confronted with Sanada.

Masayuki, again a big pinch.
No matter how much Uesugi is on your side, if you seriously attack from Hojo and Tokugawa, that damage is immeasurable.

The only way left is the minister to Hideyoshi.

Thus, Masayuki who played Kamakura in 1576 was granted relief of Sanada, Numata, and Aratsuma territory, recognized as the Daimyo under the Toyotomi regime.
In exchange, we decided to send Osaka Shinkifu to Osaka, but Shigeta, who liked Hideyoshi, will go to Toyotomi and I will not have a narrow sense of hostage as a hostage.
It is unknown whether it was liked by Yodo like Taigara Drama “Sanada Maru … ….”

Tensho 18 years (1590 years) after about 4 years later.
Again with the setting in Sanada, the universe moves.
“Conflict of the name walnut castle” happens to the Numata problem with Hojo which had long been a mime, and this will trigger “ Odawara conquest ” as a trigger.

It is the Hojyo family mainly focusing on Mr. Hojo and Mr. Hojo in Odawara Castle, which is impregnable.
In contrast, the Hideyoshi Army surrounds both the sea and the mountain with a large fighting power which is also called as more than 200,000, and the matato battle is about Aka Naozo Ii charges (many actual warfare in the castle).
There was no stage of success in Shigeichi who served as a military service, after that, it seems that he came out with his father and his brother in order to subdue the “turbulence of Kudo Political Realities” that occurred in Tohoku.

Bunraku 3 years (1594), Nobunagi Sanada · Brothers Shinbushi was also awarded a delegate and Toyotomi surname at the same time.

Brother Nobuyuki is the fifth ranked Izu Mamoru Izu, brother Shigeyi is appointed ranked fifth ranked Shimonemon gate.
It is inferred that the marriage of Shige is around this time.
The main room was the daughter of Yoshinobu Otani, Takebayashiin.

The main room of my brother · Nobuyuki is Kamatsu, the daughter of Tokugawa Toshinori, Honda Tadaoki.
Brothers’ fate may have started to separate since this time.
Shinta received the honorary confidence of Hideyoshi, while walking along the way as Toyotomi lord as a small child.

But inside the Toyotomi family, cracks were beginning to enter.

The role of Bunko · Keicho.
Seki Hideto Seppuku incident.
And the death of Hideyoshi.

Orthodox child Toyotomi Hidetoshi is still young and can not support Japan’s crowded world.
While all Toyotomi Daimyo ‘s names have been chosen, the time was still close for the Sanada family.

The grace that they left behind was not long.

Toyotomi Hidetoshi was not a child of Hideyoshi! The shock scandal that I had fallen on the people under the weather!

Farewell to “Inubusha” with Tengaezumi

Only two years have passed since Hideyoshi’s death, Keicho 5 years (1600 years). Tokugawa Ieyasu moved.
I decided to conquer as Uesugi Kanakatsu suspected the rebellion.

Masayuki Sanada, Nobuyuki, Shinba, leaving Utsunomiya to come to Ieyasu’s former place. We will stay at the innkei and Inubushi.
A messenger from Mitsunari Ishida came over to it and delivered a consecutive letter of three magistrate (Masayoshi Masuda, Masuda Masuda, Maeda Geno) with “the incestuous chika no ryo (summarized form of Ieyasu rule violation)” It is said to be.

Although it is the so-called “Farewell Farewell,” it is an episode where future adaptation can be seen.
Based on that, I would like to imagine the three interaction patterns A to C.

Pattern A: Ambition full of Masayuki
Masayuki “I will try to stand against Ishida”
Shinchi “It’s a good idea, my father”
Nobuyuki “Although I came out in response to the Movement Order of Internal Affairs, I would not agree that it would oppose it.”
Masayuki “The trees are about to be disoriented again right now, wishing for the prosperity of the house by multiplying this machine, is not it a way of life for samurai!”
Nobuyuki “Wow … …!”

Pattern B: Masayuki I dislike Ieyasu
Masayuki “I will try to stand against Ishida”
Shinchi “It’s a good idea, my father”
Nobuyuki “Although I came out in response to the Movement Order of Internal Affairs, I would not agree that it would oppose it.”
Masayuki: “Well, in the first place I have a resentment of age in Internal Affairs, I do not intend to obey.”
Nobuyuki “Eh!”

Pattern C: Sanada family wants to take safety measures
Masayuki “I will try to stand against Ishida”
Shinchi “It’s a good idea, my father”
Nobuyuki “My wife is the daughter of Tokugawa Tamura and my younger brother’s wife is the daughter of Otani Imbu. Let’s fight with our father and fight”
Masayuki: “Well, then, if one loses, the house will not stay”

I can not confirm what kind of discussion we have followed, but I know the result.

Ishida: Masayuki Sanada / Shinchi
Tokugawa way: Nobunaga Sanada

However, Nobuyuki was called “Maiden Reform” before “Inubushi”, and I was pulling out the main room · Komatsuhime from Osaka to Ueda.
There was a possibility that it was a policy attached to Tokugawa from the beginning, and “Inubushi” may have been a place to confirm the final intention.

Masayuki · Shinchi Son walks along the Azuma Highway and enters Ueda Castle.
Meanwhile, Nobuyuki is said to bring loyalty to Ieyasu, just two years old at the age of 4 as hostage to Ieyasu.

Masayuki’s ambition, and the second Ueda battle

Masayuki Sanada exchanged a letter frequently with Ishida Mitsunari.
With the information I got there, the overwhelming Ishida direction = should be the advantage of the West Army. For those who want to keep them, it is natural for Mitsunari to send information that they are friendly.

Even if such bias is deducted, it is the situation at this time that every power did not doubt, believing that this upheaval would prolong. Knowing the result makes me want to think that Masayuki and Shige are extremely optimistic, but it is not so.

It was Ieyasu’s legitimate child, Tokugawa Hidetada who lead the Tokugawa team headed for Ueda.

This Hidetada
“I had an unexpected stick at Ueda Castle, which made it impossible for the main battle of Sekigahara”
That is a well-known theory.

However, in recent years,
“Ueda attack is rather a planned action, Hidetada lost to the Sekigahara main battle because Ieyasu changed the plan and made it earlier”
It has been with.

Well this is the army led by Hidetada, but with the mass it was a strength that could be said to be the main force of the Tokugawa.
Ieyasu probably wanted to impress Hidetada’s bravery in this fight.
It is thought that it is evidence that a skilled staff existence · Masanobu Honda was attached, and let everything handle all things.

Illustration – Shimotsuki Kei

And there was also Nobuyuki in this army.
He decided to confront his father and his younger brother.

Below is the course in the battle time series.
Please note that there is description of military.
(Brown: Sanada / Navy: Tokugawa)

September 3
Mr. Tokugawa arrives at Ueda castle.
On this day, Masayuki passed through Nobuyuki who was on the Tokugawa side and told Hidetada that he would like to have a fellowship after shaving.
The forces on the side of Kanagi are 3000. On the other hand, Ueda ‘s people called on “give one million enemies of enemy’ s neck,” and gathered soldiers.
Morale of Takashi Masuda rising.

4th
Masayuki makes a change in attitude and rebels against friendship.
“Absolutely forgive him!”
Masayuki’s behavior was too rude and provocative. Hidetada was furious.

5th
Hidetada orders Shinobi to capture the abrasive castle.
When Nobuyuki headed for the castle, Shigeharu who kept the castle and his attitude escaped. Nobuyuki robs the abrasive castle without sacrifice.
On this evening, Shige tried to hit the enemy with a night attack, but abandoned the opponent’s warning severely.

6th
Hidetada puts the main character in the dye shop owl. And we invited Kanda to invite enemies from within the castle. However, it was taken by Midori Kanda and George Tokugawa approached the castle.
For the enemies approaching the castle, the Sanada guns firearms and arrows and attacks violently. It caused enormous damage.
Sanada Sanada makes further provocation and crosses Kamikawa. For the enemy who was pursuing, Masayuki ordered the ambush to cut off the damming of the river and let the water flow. I will attack the ambush who was at the foot of the fictitious village at the foot of the flow and take over it further.
Tokugawa masters, those who are to be brought, took out a lot of drowning, and they were lost.
While Hidetada is aggressively attacking, an order is issued from Ieyasu that changed schedule to urgently to Mino, and the Tokugawa people withdraw.

The Second Ueda Battle ended in this way. Although saying victory to the last,
“Withdrawal due to change in strategy of Tokugawa”
It is a form.

If Ieyasu did not change the strategy and Hidetada continued attacking Ueda castle as it is, the result may have been different.

Even so, it was true that the Tokugawa person was not allowed to fall even though there was a difference in military force, and the Sana was victorious in the first game.
It was recognized from that time that it took time for a small castle to lack experience of Hidetada ‘s youthfulness and that it was a miscarriage of Honda Masanobu.

Although the Second Ueda Battle is not a painful big victory as in the military, it certainly was a battle that affected history.

Days of Kuyusyama Science Education

On September 15, Masayuki Sanada, Shinzo Ishida, who committed hope by Shinchi Sonoko, the West Army, suffered a major defeat by Tokugawa Ieyasu’s East Army.

Actually the Sanada is hitting the night attack on the Tokugawa who watches Ueda castle even after three days.
However, the settlement was attached any longer.

Following the persuasion of Nobuyuki and others, Masayuki Shinpa fathers surrender.
Ieyasu’s life destroys Ueda castle.
The conflict between Tokugawa and Sanada for many years decides that Ieyasu is the perfect victory.

Nobuyuki Sanada (renamed from Nobuyuki) entered Ueda territory and became a lord of 115 thousand stone.

Ieyasu thought of Sanada’s father as a crime.
However, Nobuyuki pleads for father and brother’s assistance to Tadakatsu Honda, Masanobu Honda and others.
In one theory, Tadakatsuki Honda who likes the son-in-law’s Nobuyuki is approaching with the preparedness “I will not leave the first game with the donkey!”, And Ieyasu sushima has been reluctantly reluctant.

“Oh, what a regrettable thing! I thought that Ieyasu would fit this kind of humiliating eyes!”
Masayuki sheds regretful tears, told Nobuyuki, and heads to Koyasan.
Keicho was about 5 years old.

Masayuki was 54 years old at this time, and Shigeya was in the early 30s.
Despite the life expectancy of that time, Shinto would be a day to spare energy and physical fitness.

Living expenses are extremely pitiful due to the request from Nobuyuki.
There are also anecdotes that Sanada Furuko made a “Sanada String” and went on selling to earn living expenses, but it is a traditional level and it is unknown whether it is a historical fact or not.

Nobuyuki will continue to support the lives of his father and brother in a kitchen circumstance that can never be afforded.
I continued to send not only living expenses but also supplies such as shochu.

Although she was bored, she seems to be able to make time for hobbies.
Shinji first tried the Renka and left a letter saying “I’d like to go on someday although I do not improve well”.
In addition, even in Kuzumi, a few children were born, and became children’s fathers than brother Nobuyuki.

The songwriter loved Sengoku warlords is actually Mecca interesting! I was addicted to both Shinto, Yoshimitsu and Official Guards

However, their lives were severe and painful for them of the samurai who were born.
Introduction is optimistic, it is a father who connected hope to pardon, but as time passes, it will be pessimistic for ten years to pass.
Masayuki Sanada tends to be obstinate and obstinate, and meals also pass through the throat very slowly, and in 16th year of Keiseo (1611), a deathless death will come. Age of the age 65.

Shige also mixed with gray hair in the beard, teeth dropped out and tended to be sick.
From the prime of my late 30s I continue to study for over a decade and have an environment where my mind and body can only decline.

If nothing happens after this, a man named Shinzo Sanada would have had a deadly death like his father and never left a brilliant name in history.
Sanada’s family name must have been not as big as now.

Invitation from Osaka

Shigusa who loses his father and continues his study with his family.
Everyday life that releases stress with Renga and Shochu suddenly ends with an invitation from Osaka.

Under the heavens moved.
Tokugawa Ieyasu opened the shogunate in Edo, followed the various daimyo, steadily building a new regime.
However, it was not yet possible to include Osaka’s Toyotomi Hideyoru in this new structure.

Ieyasu will be old and Hidengi will grow to youth.
That’s why the “Hellary temple Kanji incident” in Keicho 19 (1614) was a great opportunity for Ieyasu, just before the time limit.
Ieyasu who was rather tolerant to Hideyoshu until then, will change his attitude. “Hellary temple Kanji incident”, rather than Ieyasu set in, Osaka made a serious mistake at the worst timing.

Still the Osaka side still had a way to survive.
As for Ieyasu, the head of Hidetoshi is not necessary. You can incorporate them into the order of the Edo shogunate.

Once you have tied up your hands and feet, you can not easily move with other lords who have a favor with Toyotomi.
Thus the conditions that stood against Hideyuki were the following.

1. Osaka castle withdrawal
2. Send the raw mother · stardon as a hostage to Edo
3. Sunday service with Sunpu and Edo

Osaka was furious and rejected this request.
He was also in charge of negotiations with the Tokugawa ___ ___ ___ 0 19459035 ___ ___ 0 ___ ___ 0 19459035 ___ ___ 0 There is no other choice than to leave Osaka Castle.

Pull the request and exile the contact person in charge of negotiation – This is already an action equivalent to declaration of war.
Why did you imitate such reckless things?
Osaka was unable to forget the past glory and power, and could not have read the current situation at all.

No more waiting for the war!
Osaka sent a letter of invitation to neighboring dungeons to help them. Since Sekigahara, the prisoners who had lost their hosts lit their ambitions, which were the lights of the wind, and came from all over Japan in search of second chances.

There was a call from Osaka even under Shinrya.
Shinpei is planning a bargain, inviting the villagers to a spree. A lot of drinking and noisy, all the guests are drunk. When they escaped at the place where they fell asleep, Shige had a spear without a trunk, a gun with a flame attached, he left the Kudansan.

Osaka winter team

Yukimura Sanada who entered Osaka Castle.
After that ※ Although it is written as “Yukimura” according to the drama “Sanada Maru”, I will follow the historical facts as before

There were plenty of people gathered there.

“Kotohashi bee” who had been leaving the Kuroda family.
“Mori Katsunaga” who was born in Owari and served Hideyoshi with his father.
The head of Shikoku, the son of former Chosuke Ekubabe · Sosuke Okabe Senior Fellow ].
“Akashi Satoru” who served Utaka Naoya and Ukita Hideto.

Although the total number of forces is unknown, about 100,000 people have gathered.
Many of them are dungeons who have lost their jobs with Sekigahara.

Osaka prepares for the arrival of the enemy, begins to construct soil and fortress, and consolidates the defense.
Yukimura built a fortress in the castle ‘s south east Tamaguchi mouth.
This is “Sanada Maru” which was also used for the title of the drama.

What kind of defensive facility was it?

Although there are still many mysteries about this, the theory advocated by Professor Yoshihiro Chida of Nara University is strongly considered.
“Sanada Maru” is not just a fort accompanying Osaka Castle, it is a “small castle” built a little away from the moat.

Rather than relying on the castle, “Sanada Maru” boasted a strong defense power independently.
At last Konomura became a castle owner.
It may be a bit sentimental, but so it will not be a problem.

Meanwhile, Tokugawa of the aggressor also fully prepared weapons ammunition supplies and aimed for Osaka castle with fullness.

When a military assembly is held in Osaka Castle, Yukimura advocates a sortie action rather than a casket.
Let’s aggressively hit and disturb before the enemy’s steps are not complete. It is a big measure of such a scale.
しかし大野治長らの反論にあい、却下されてしまいます。

ただし、この出撃策が史実であるかどうかは断定できません。
たとえ幸村自身がそう考えていたとしても、防備に忙殺されていた大坂方にそんな余裕があったかどうか。
これまた判然としません。

籠城策を取った大坂方において、幸村は「真田丸」に立てこもり、迎え撃ちます。

対するは、井伊直政の子・直孝。
前田利家の子・前田利常
利常はかなり濃い戦国キャラでありましたが、軍として見た場合、両者とも経験がありません。
大坂の陣に参戦した若い武将たちの大半は、これが初陣でした。

攻め手は城攻めの経験不足の者たちばかりで、「仕寄せ」(簡易バリケード)の作り方すらわかりません。
若い侍たちがその作成に四苦八苦していると、大坂方が鉄砲を射かけ、どうにも仕事が進まない。
東軍は、量は最高でも、質はお粗末なものでした。
「仕寄せ」を作れないだけではなく、軍としての機能すら失われているような現象も見受けられました。

味方崩れ。
パニック状態になって戦線が崩壊、敗走してしまう現象。
旗指物による判別がうまくいっていない証拠です。

味方討。
敵と誤認して味方を攻撃してしまう。
伊達政宗軍は神保相茂軍を味方討で壊滅に追い込み、笑いものになりました。

指揮命令系統はたやすく崩れ、戦線はしばしば深刻な崩壊を起こします。
天下統一の過程で戦が減り、関ヶ原から15年もブランクがあるのですから、当然の帰結とも言えるでしょう。

12月4日、前田勢は真田勢が陣取り、鉄砲を射かけて来た篠山を占拠し、その先にあった「真田丸」へと接近します。
飛んで火に入る夏の虫、格好の餌食でした。

「真田丸」の空堀に突入した前田勢は、激しい射撃によりたちまち命を落としてゆきます。
井伊勢も援護しようとしますが、これまた激しい射撃により為す術なく呆然とするのみ。ようやく援軍としてなだれこむと、混戦をかえって悪化させるだけになり、犠牲を増やすことになりました。

掘を登っても柵が作られ、身動きすらできないまま、次々に討ち取られてゆきます。

「真田丸」は、兵を飲み込む蟻地獄でした。

イラスト・富永商太

束の間の和睦、最期の挨拶

「真田丸」での大敗を聞いた家康は衝撃を受けました。

敗戦の報が諸国に広がるようなことがあれば、天下がゆらぎかねません。
そこで一計を案じ、ある男を幸村の陣へ送り込みます。

真田信尹。
昌幸の弟であり信繁の叔父でした。
信尹は十万石という破格の条件で寝返りを打診しますが、幸村は跳ね付けます。

そこで本多正純は条件をさらにつり上げ、信濃一国を提示。
この非現実的な条件は幸村を喜ばせるどころか怒らせ、彼は二度と信尹に会おうともしませんでした。

しかし、です。
幸村と信尹のこうしたやりとりが行われているころ、大坂方では和睦の機運が高まるのでした。
真田丸での奮戦により、東軍は攻めあぐねているものの、戦力差は大きく到底勝ち目はありません。

奮戦を知って西軍に味方する大名が現れるか?
そんな徳川の懸念、豊臣の願望が叶う気配もありません。
その上、間近に迫ってくる本格的な冬の気配。もはやこれ以上の戦闘続行は不可能でした。

和睦の条件として、大坂城の堀は埋め立てられ、真田丸も破却されます。
当然ながら、大坂城の防御力は大幅に低下。
これは家康の策略であり、無断で埋め立てたという説がかつて有力でしたが、現在では「大坂方も同意の上で埋めた」とされるています。

「城の防御力が低下して困る」
という考えは、再戦することがわかっている後世の人間のものです。
この時点で大坂方が和睦を履行するつもりならば、掘の埋め立ては妥当な要求とみなしたでしょう。

あるいは掘の埋め立ては、徳川方が面子を保つための条件であったとも周囲には伝わっていました。
あれだけの軍勢で包囲しながら、淀殿と秀頼母子を城の外までひきずり出すことはできなかったのです。
せめて掘だけでも埋め立てねば、格好が付かない、というわけですね。

和睦成立後、幸村は、甥にあたる真田信吉・信政兄弟(真田信之の子)の陣を訪れました。
幼いころ別れたきりであった甥は、たくましい若武者に成長していたことでしょう。

幸村は甥たちに語りました。
「関ヶ原で敗れた際に、兄上のおかげで助命されたというのに、このようなことになってしまいました。兄上はさぞや腹を立てておいででしょう。どうか二人から兄上にとりなしていただければと思います」

真田兄弟はこのあと、内通の疑いを避けるため、叔父との再会を幕府に報告。
幸村は旧知の人々に出会い、覚悟を語り残しています。

また、姉の夫・小山田茂誠に書状を送りました。
その心情は複雑で、様々な気持ちが入り混じったものでした。

「この和睦も一時のもの、私たち父子は、一両年のうちには討ち死にすることになるでしょう。私にとっては一軍の大将となり、討ち死にすることは本望。されど倅の大助はまことに不憫です。15年という人生を牢人として過ごし、やっと世に出たと思ったら討ち死にするさだめとは……」

このまま虚しく朽ちるかと思われた人生で、華々しく戦う舞台を得た喜び、高揚感。
兄のおかげで助命されながら、それに背いて親族に迷惑をかけてしまう申し訳なさ。
まだ幼い我が子・大助の命を奪うことになってしまった苦しみ。
残してゆく妻子の身を案じ、その幸せを祈る気持ち。

これまでの人生を振り返りつつ、残り少ない日々をどう生き、どう散るか。

死を前にした幸村は、苛烈な戦いぶりとは異なる、繊細で人間味あふれる心情を残していたのでした。

大坂夏の陣

掘を埋められた大坂城は、無力な巨大建築物と化したわけではありません。

信繁はまもなく再戦するだろうと予感していましたが、それは当たります。
城に立てこもる牢人たちがいる限り、再戦は避けられません。

大坂方が集めた牢人たちは、ただ腕っ節が強い者たちではありません。
徳川という新秩序の中、居場所を失いドロップアウトした者たちです。和睦が成立したからといって、彼らには行く場所はありません。
いったん大坂方に味方した彼らが武器を置いたところで、どうしようもないのです。大坂城を離れたところで、彼らを仕官させる大名家はありませんでした。

秀頼は、とりあえず大坂城に蓄えられた莫大な金銀を配り、牢人をなだめることしかできませんでした。
しかし、こんなものは焼け石に水に過ぎないのです。
大坂城内も意見が割れていました。徳川との和睦を遵守したい豊臣秀頼・大野治長らに対して、治長の弟・治房は真っ向対立します。治房は牢人たちの動きを支持しました。

牢人たちは掘を掘り返し、武器弾薬兵糧を買い付け、不穏な動きを見せます。
何万人もの牢人が、武装して城にいるわけです。不穏な動きは、当然江戸に伝わりました。

秀頼らは、和睦条件の完全履行をあきらめたわけではありませんでした。
城を出て新たな国に移れば命は助かるのです。
しかし、牢人にとってそれは破滅を意味するもの。彼らを養えるだけの国を、徳川が気前よく秀頼にくれてやるはずがないのです。

「召し放たれて野垂れ死ぬくらいならば、大坂城を枕に討ち死にしてやる!」

牢人たちにひきずられるようにして、秀頼らもまた次なる開戦へと突き進んでいきます。

家康にとっても「反幕府武装勢力」の牙城と化した大坂城を、放置するわけにはいきません。
和睦と統率がとれない大坂方は家康に見限られ、4月、ついにタイムリミットを迎えたのでした。

4月13日、大坂方は作戦会議を開きます。
信繁は防御力を失った城から出撃し、近江国瀬田で敵を止める作戦を提案します。
しかしこれはかなりリスクが大きい作戦でもあり、反対意見に呑み込まれてしまいます。

後藤又兵衛は、妥協案として天王寺近辺での迎撃策を出します。
大坂方は迎撃と同時に、周辺国で一揆を煽動して攪乱、地侍たちに対して味方につくよう誘いをかけました。

しかしこの策は不発に終わります。
4月29日の樫井の戦いでは塙団右衛門ら有力武将、多くの兵を失いました。
5月5日、道明寺の戦いでは、後藤基次が奮戦するものの、敵との戦力差を埋めることができず、伊達政宗軍によって討ち死にを遂げます。
後詰めに駆けつけた明石全登も大軍を支えきれずに撤退。傷を負いました。

幸村も後詰めとしてこの戦いに参戦し、伊達政宗軍と激戦を繰り広げます。
真田の軍勢は片倉重綱(小十郎景綱の子)に率いられた敵に猛攻を仕掛け、数での劣勢をものともせず押し返します。
伊達勢は武器弾薬が底をつき、敵の撃退を諦めるしかありません。

真田幸村の12歳の娘(超絶美少女)が伊達政宗の仙台藩にかくまわれていた!

しかし両軍とも損害は大きく、真田勢もまた疲弊していました。
真田大助も脚を負傷していました。

5月6日の八尾・若江の戦いでは、木村重成らが戦死。

大坂方の戦力は削がれ、限界が近づいていました。

茶臼山に咲いた満開の赤備え

5月7日。
茶臼山に布陣した真田隊は、その赤備えがまるで満開の躑躅の花のようでした。

鹿角の兜をかぶり、河原毛の愛馬にまたがった大将の幸村は、その中でもひときわ目立った存在。
今日こそが決戦の日になると考えていたのでしょうか。
あるいは目前に広がる敵勢を見て、もはやこれまでと覚悟を決めたのでしょうか。

幸村は大助を呼び出し、告げました。
「お前は脚を負傷している。活躍は見込めまい。秀頼公のお側に参り、最期まで付きそうのだ」

大助は父の命に抗い、父子ともに死ぬまで戦いたいと願いました。
父子の言い争いはしばらく続き、幸村が大助の耳元で何事かささやくと、やっと馬に乗ります。
しかしそれでもなかなか側を離れようとはしません。

ここで別れたら、二度と会うことはないと互いにわかっていたのでしょうか。
大助は父の方を振り向きながら、名残惜しそうに立ち去ります。

幸村は大野治長に、秀頼自らの出馬を請いました。
豊臣の威光を示す千成瓢箪が戦場で輝けば、どれほど士気が高まることでしょう。
城からは、使者を通して、秀頼の出陣を合図に合戦を始めるとの返事だけがありました。

茶臼山にいる敵の様子をうかがう幸村。
午後になると、松平忠直の軍勢が前を通りかかりました。
松平勢は真田勢を狙って来たわけではなく、見通しの悪い道を通っているうちに偶発的に出くわしたのです。

両者、鉄砲による小競り合いから、本格的な戦いに発展します。
そして混乱する戦場で、浅野長晟が離反したという虚報が流れ、東軍は混乱に陥り、もろくも崩壊するのでした。

統国寺の庭の裏から見える茶臼山(photo by 北村美桂@歴史おじ散歩

不幸な、あまりに不幸な誤認

ついに来た、好機――。

家康は「味方崩」を察知し、立て直そうとします。
しかし、旗本衆までが戦線崩壊してしまい、ますます混迷を極めます。
最後の盾となるはずの旗本衆が散り散りになり、我先にと逃げ出したのです。

それでも踏みとどまった僅かな旗本衆は、文字通り家康を死守すべく奮戦。
このとき、大坂方がひるむことなければ、家康は腹を切っていただろう——と、戦場の様子を聞いたイエズス会士は書き残しています。

では、そのとき何が起こったのか?
それは、不幸な偶然としか思えない出来事でした。
十騎ほど供を連れて出馬していた大野治長が、出陣のタイミングがわからない秀頼の呼び出しを受け、退却したのです。

大坂方にとって不運だったのは、よりにもよって治長が秀頼の馬印を掲げていたことでしょう。

東軍を相手に奮戦していた牢人たちも、治長の撤退、さらには城内に虚しく戻る秀頼の馬印を見て、自分たちの敗北を悟りました。
不幸な、あまりに不幸な誤認。
東軍を襲っていた「味方崩」の大波は、今度は西軍に襲いかかったのです。

天王寺口では真田幸村・毛利勝永が猛攻撃を仕掛け、岡山口では大野治房が秀忠相手に大健闘をしているタイミングでした。
治長が城に入ると、城で待機していた兵士たちが敗北かと動揺し始めます。
さらに真田大助が入城すると、敗れた幸村が「我が子だけでも逃がしたのではないか」と更に大きな動揺を呼び起こすのです。

治長は秀頼に出馬を請い、秀頼も準備を始めました。
明石全登に出撃を命じ、いざ出陣!というそのとき、城内に「先手が崩れている」との知らせが届きました。

かくなる上は戦い、討ち死にすべき!
秀頼は決意を固めますが、家臣からは籠城し、自害すべきだと進言されます。

秀頼が逡巡していると、突如、大坂城内から火の手があがります。
火をはなったのは、大角与左衛門という、秀吉の頃から使えていた料理人。
この火の手を見て西軍の将兵は絶望するしかなく、一方の東軍将兵たちは歓喜に沸きます。

真田幸村の援軍に駆けつけるはずであった明石全登も、もはや機を逸しました。
時既に遅し。
数で勝る敵軍相手に敗退し、そのあと行方不明になっています。

誤解はさらなる誤解を生み、裏切り者に火まで放たれ、もはや西軍の勝ち目は完全にゼロ。
太閤秀吉の遺児として生まれた豊臣秀頼は、一度も戦場に立つことなく短い生涯を終えることになるのでした。

日本一の兵

城内の混乱、秀頼の逡巡を知ることもなく、真田幸村は松平勢と一時間ほど戦い続けていました。

懸命に戦い続ける真田勢に、井伊直孝軍、藤堂高虎軍が横槍。
満身創痍の真田勢は、七手組(豊臣家に使える馬廻・旗本衆)に加勢を願いますが、彼らは動こうとはしません。
既に東軍へ内通していたのです。

奮戦むなしく、真田勢は手足をもぎとられるように分断され、戦闘力を失ってゆきます。

家康まであと一歩!

今まさに悲願の叶うその直前、ついに真田勢も撤退を余儀なくされました。

同時に毛利勝永軍も城内へ撤退。
真田幸村自身も重傷を負い、昼から続いた戦いで心身ともに疲れきっています。

幸村は、馬で撤退する最中に松平家臣・西尾仁左衛門宗次と遭遇。
抵抗するだけの余力はなく、首を取られました。
安井天神付近でのことであった、と伝わります。

享年も、最期の場所もハッキリとは伝わらなかった真田幸村。
しかし、その勇猛果敢ぶりは「真田日本一之兵」と島津忠恒によって讃えられました。

家康も敬意をもって幸村の首実検を行います。
もはや首だけとなったその姿を見るために、多くの武将たちが首実検の見物に訪れました。

同日(5月8日)、大坂城内――。

父を心配していた真田大助は、落ち延びた兵からその最期の様子を聞き、涙を堪えていました。
大助は母から与えられた数珠を手に、念仏を唱え、秀頼に殉じる時を待ちます。

まだ幼い大助を見て周囲の人々は憐れみました。
「豊臣譜代でもないのだから、秀頼様の最期を見届けることはありませんよ。早く落ち延びなさい」

彼らはそう諭し彼を逃そうとしますが、大助は父から秀頼様にお供せよと言われたと拒み、殉死を遂げます。
大坂城は落ち、豊臣秀頼・淀殿母子も自害を遂げました。
大助を除く幸村の妻子は大坂の陣を生き延び、その後も人生を送ることとなります。

兄の信之は、大名・真田家当主として、93という驚異的な長寿を全う。
病に悩まされ、多くの人々を送りながら、弟とは別の厳しい戦いに挑み続けるのでした。

後世に英雄視された姿とは違う、人としての迷い

真田幸村という人物の生涯を辿り、筆を進めていても、なかなか浮かんでこない考え方や性格。

大名であれば幼少期から逸話が残り、彼自身の生きてきた証を見ることができるのですが、幸村の場合は違います。
関ヶ原までは父の影に隠れている人生です。

上杉や豊臣から信頼を得て、大谷吉継の娘を娶り、評価されているからには、人間的にも魅力があり、才知に溢れていたであろうことは、なんとなく想像がつきます。
ただし、具体的にどこがそうであったのかはつかめないのです。

彼の性格や人間性がつかめたのは、蟄居後以降です。
連歌がなかなか上達しない、焼酎をもっと送って欲しいという書状からは、あたたかみが伝わって来ました。
大坂の陣和睦の際に家族に吐露した思いからは、彼の人柄が伝わって来ます。

チャンスをつかんでここまで来たものの、そのことで助命嘆願した兄を裏切り、我が子の一生を短いものとしてしまった……弟として、父として、迷う姿からは生々しい人間性が伝わってきます。
後世に英雄視された姿とは違う、人としての迷いがそこにはあります。

最後に蛇足です。
本稿をお読みくださっている方にとっては当たり前かもしれませんが、2016年の大河ドラマ『真田丸』は、幸村の人生を描いたドラマとして最高の作品でした。

史実を丹念に追いつつ、その隙間を三谷幸喜氏の発想と優れた筆力で補う、まさに傑作。
執筆中もずっと『真田丸』のことを思い出しておりました。

もしも未見の方がいらっしゃいましたら、是非一度ご覧いただければと思います。

文:小檜山青

【参考文献】
平山優『真田信繁』(角川選書)
三池純正『真田信繁』(宮帯出版社)
黒田基樹『真田昌幸』(小学館)
黒田基樹『真田信之』(角川選書)
千田嘉博『真田丸の謎』(NHK出版新書)

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