Edward Morse is interesting not only in Omori Kaizuka but also in Japanese reviews! From the diary "Japan That Day That Day"

One of the most famous foreign researchers in the Meiji Era Edward Morse

To discover Omori Kaizuka is one of common sense to be learned in the history of elementary school students.
Therefore, I receive an impression made as a scholar as much as possible, indeed, as for portrait photography it is such atmosphere Atami man, but on the other hand, leaving a diary, it is interesting even if the Japanese / Japanese review in it is reading now Yes.

I would like to look back on footsteps of Morse and and what was written in the diary today.

I have chased a few kinds of arms and legs in America

Edward Morse is an American zoologist.
It is famous as a discoverer of "Omori Kaizuka" in Ota Ward, Tokyo.

He originally came to Japan in 1877 to collect specimens of "arms and legs".
A brachial animal is an animal that does not resemble a bivalve and inhabited a great many in Japan.

According to Maws' valve, "There are only one type in the USA, but there are 3 to 40 types in Japan." Well, it's a scholar's soul.

I made a laboratory in Enoshima and was asked by the Japanese who received Morse's open lecture at the University of Michigan once, "I want you to become a university professor at the University of Tokyo", and it is now traveling back and forth between Japan and the United States every certain period It was.

The detailed sketched diary that he left is "Japan day by day".

Among them, Morse wrote many impressions of Japan's nature and people at that time, regardless of size.
There are also scholarly curiosity and observation eyes, and there are also many points that make Mos think that it was a straightforward person, there are parts that make me feel pleasant.

Although I think that I am busy with research and collection, I could hardly write like this, but in fact he is also the owner of an outrageous skill of "writing and drawing letters and pictures at the same time with both hands". did. What envy it.

○ Japan and Japanese's beauty points


let's introduce some of the beauty and faults he felt while living in Japan at that time.

Even the civilians are polite to foreigners

Morse is impressed repeatedly, as the farmers greet themselves after removing them all from their heads, and that people who will see foreigners for the first time do not arouse contempt and ridicule.

"If the Japanese were going out in the States, they would have a completely different response, I am ashamed of it
As I wrote in that way, it seems that this was a good culture shock in a nice sense.

It is unavoidable from the values ​​of the race at that time.

· Physical strength and intelligence of pilgrim crawlers and car husbands

Moses seems to be very surprised, at that time the Japanese were outstandingly smaller than the Westerners, so that only a few people would do the brute force work.
In addition, those in these occupations are so-called blue collars, and in the West and the West in those days, it was almost that they can do only that work · not do it.

However, "In Japan, it was able to accomplish the collection and classification help by properly explaining the car owner and the chores of miscellaneous", so Mohs gathers so many specimens Have you succeeded?

· Japanese love nature

When Morse was traveling around Harima, I saw a large eagle stop at a pine tree.

Then, it seems that the Japanese travelers who were walking in the past began to draw out the writing instruments to collect all their eagles.
Morse thought that "Westerners would have wanted a hunting gun" and felt again the difference in culture.

· Students are serious and enthusiastic

From the first day I arrived at the University of Tokyo, most of the students were working diligently on lectures, so it seems that I felt great rewarding.
It seems that it was difficult only to have to do the same lecture twice because he was responsible for two classes of 45 people.

Even when I lectured on Darwin's theory of evolution, I was deeply moved by the fact that most students eagerly picked up notes and then applauded greatly after the conclusion, "My cheek got hotter."

In addition, the landscaping technology such as transplantation and the cleanliness of the town etc are written in contradiction so that it will be conveyed that you would have been impressed.

○ Disadvantages of Japanese and Japanese people

Of course, I do not just praise them for letting go.
I am obediently writing what I felt strangely from his eyes.

· the number of insects

Mos is staying at private houses and inns, for example traveling to Nikko, but it says that it was a difficulty for insect bites every time. Sometimes dozens of places were stabbed in some cases.
If you are a clean person, you may have hated Japan at that time. The text of Morse is very calm, so I do not know if I had a disgust.

· Slow motion

Perhaps because I was not used to it yet, it seems that there were not many concepts of "avoiding" a horse-drawn carriage and a rickshaw in the Japanese at the time, and it seemed that they were likely to be run over.
Some foreigners like Morse tried to avoid it, some people were amazed at the agility of the move.

Besides, it seems that everything in everyday life was slow.

However, he wrote that "Because they are both polite and gentle people, I can not feel like raising tantrums."

· About the noise of the night

Morse seems to have felt that there seems to be no point of view that "sleeping of neighboring residents and cohabitants is hindered by the opening and closing sound of sliding doors and sliding doors, banging bangs, etc."

The reason seems to have been thought that "Japanese houses are open and easy to transmit sounds" and "I think that it is due to the nature of the Japanese who would not protest even though it is annoying", and it is still rage Is not … At least on the sentences.

Other comparisons between Chinese and Japanese are also frequent. Rather than attaching superiority or inferiority, is it "a difference between the Japanese and the Chinese people Morse noticed"?

· Differences between Japan and China

For example,
"In the Yokohama settlement, Japanese people are doing most of the work, but there are many Chinese in places where money such as currency exchange is involved."
"In the world, the Chinese are the longest senior cooks speed and fake coin selection"
I am doing.

The Qing of this time was already a feeling, but there were a lot of Chinese who have living a strong living by starting a new life across the United States, finding a job at a foreign settlement in Japan .
Even in modern times, around Mr. Morse 's word is correct, I am making many Chinatowns around the world, there are many Chinese who are economically successful.

There is another place which compares Japan and China on the linguistic side.
Mohaw said,
"There is no sound of" L "in Japanese, there is no sound of" R "in Chinese, so they are not good at English."
In modern times, it is difficult to distinguish L and R pronunciations right? What about the Chinese people?

What you felt at the destination and Japanese food etc

In addition to this, the life scenery of the travel destination in urban areas and fishing villages where Morse stayed and the destination in Japan is written in detail.

The government
"Overtake the West and Overtake!"
"Imitating the West and becoming a civilized country!"
Even while being joked, there were people like Morse who felt "old good Japan" and evaluated it and left it behind.
Of course it is also important to incorporate good points you learn from other countries, but I also want to leave the goodness of Japan.

Finally, shall we introduce himself a bit of a mysterious thing?

For Morse, shellfish and other marine organisms were "subjects of study".
However, when I came to Japan, I heard that it is "food of the common people", he himself said that he tried to do things.

It seems that "taste is not bad", and seems to have been challenging Japanese foods often after that.
As a Westerner in this era, it would have been quite a rare type.

"I've eaten only rice with sweet potatoes and eggplants and fish for the past two weeks"
Although it seems that there seemed to be a weakness at the time of bingeism, before the way back to America, at the farewell party where Japanese professors opened for Morse, I actively mentioned Japanese food again.

It seems that he liked the sea bream, Yurihime and Matcha in this case.
Especially as for Yuri Roots, "I will be a wonderful substitute for potatoes" and I am praising it.
I think that it is somewhat different from the modern one, but the potato and the lily root … … are similar ……? Although it will be close in the sense of root vegetables.

Of course, he did not accept all of the Japanese food.
Among those sent out at this farewell party, I clearly wrote that "Ginkgo was disgusting."
Well, this is divided among likes and dislikes even Japanese.

In a farewell dinner on another day, he said he taught each other's country's hands while cheering cigars, coffee, and alcohol after meals.
I play fun sumo wrestling playing, playing with a couple of legs, … and a scenery of funny play is spelled out.

Considering that almost all university professors, including Morse, were there, it was unnecessary.
Everyone had a boy 's heart in a good sense, I guess.

Besides, I saw government troops who returned from the Southwest War Emperor Meiji was the first to watch fireworks at the birthday ceremony of the Emperor There are also a lot of episodes to show you.

"Japan that day that day" is a perfect book for those who "want to read the history articles that are not" study ".

Bunko version is out so if you are interested, please do.

Toshinori Changchun


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