There are various ways of viewing and understanding for a single event so that the number of the dice varies depending on the viewing angle.
"War" is the best.
It is true that depriving others of their lives no matter what the reason is "evil" with no question and answer is also true as to the fact that it is absolutely against war, but even so, in history, There is always a battle happening somewhere in the world, or even now, there are circumstances of both sides.
In Japanese history, it is fairly complicated and complicated Nikki War ].
Let's organize a series of flows refreshed based on some premises.
Joseon Dynasty where the connection with Qing was too strong
If you only look at the faces of the Sino-Japanese War, Japan and the Qing dynasty searched for each other's area – it might come to mind.
However, in the same war, most of the scenes were Korean Peninsula, kikake was also Korean Peninsula.
This has a great influence on the circumstances from the ancient times and the international circumstances at the time.
The Korean Peninsula lacked resources and cultivated land compared to China, and it was a location where history is old but difficult to maintain independence.
Therefore, basically it has been keeping the shape of the country subordinate to the Chinese successive dynasties.
It is really compatible with Chinese traditional Chinese ideas (the idea that "China with rich land and rich civilization with excellent civilization is the center of the world!") Is quite compatible, and therefore the two countries have maintained a balanced relationship It is.
Even though the Qing dynasty became dreadful due to the Opium war, etc. in modern times, Korea was not able to escape from the value of "It will be okay if you rely on China" because of such imprinting in thousands of years. Actually, indeed, it has become something indeed so it can not be helped.
Also in Qing Qing and after the Opium War there are a large number of people who have a Chinese idea that "Japan is the most era in the world" and it is reluctant to introduce Westernization / modernization.
Even if someone who is aggressive in reform came out, most of them were crushed or failed to succeed with lack of power.
From the West European countries, there is no land so much aimed.
By this time, most of the earth's land has been cut away by them.
Be stronger to counter the West> <;
Meanwhile, if East Asia is in full swing under the rule of the West, the most troubling is Japan.
Until now, the possibility of Japan being invaded by Western countries was extremely low, due to lack of navigation skills and distance problems.
Because of the appearance of a steamship, it is not an unrealistic story from around the end of the Tokugawa period.
In this situation, if the neighboring Korean Peninsula became the one of Russia and European countries and the United States, Japan will be a crisis of destruction -.
Therefore, Japan has said to the Qing, "We will actively cooperate in the future and let us face the West"
"To independence and modernize and protect yourself by yourself"
I was sending it, but neither was thrust.
It is more natural to think that the original Japan was not forcibly purported to rule the Korean Peninsula.
In addition to poor resources, the location between China and Russia requires money and human resources to maintain.
However, there are a lot of people living in Korea, if they completely kill them, they lose each other and there is also a relationship from olden days.
let Korean himself become stronger!
Then, they defend their own country with their own hands, and the fear of being invaded here is gone and everyone is age.
So Japan also provided assistance for the modernization of Korea. It was also an upfront investment for Japan's own defense that it wanted to protect ourselves from Western powers in the West.
Because Nishiuchi was in Kiyo and Mr. Min was in politics in Korea … …
Another major problem is that Qing and Joseon during this period were blessed with politicians and soldiers.
In the center of Qing Nishiuchi in Korea a woman named Min.
Both of them were rough in spite of the absence of any sense of politeness & the use point of people was completely outstanding, and nobody could stop it.
This is not a "female because it is useless", but since ancient times I kept thinking that "Confucius and politics is impossible for women" with values of Confucianism, so Tsuketa who has not educated women go round here I wonder if it has happened.
If the Qing and the Korea were to withdraw from their old values and cooperate in Japan and the three countries, the history of the 20th century would have changed significantly.
The world war in Europe may have been inevitable, but at least the situation in East Asia was different.
Oh yeah, the IF story in history is a romance, so let's return to what has happened so far.
One of the three biggest bad girls in China · Is it true that Mr. Nishiuchi was jealous and massacred the rivals?
As mentioned above, the Sino-Japanese War is a battle on the Korean Peninsula.
Naturally, political circumstances of Korea are also involved to a great extent.
The Korean Peninsula of that time was very chaotic due to the weakening of the sect of religion, Kiyoshi.
"Since we've always counted on Qing Dynasty, we should rely on Qi when it is time to go", and the former sectarian,
"Japan has recently been putting more power than the Qing Dynasty, so the emperor who believed that we should modernize Japan from the future," was conflicting.
Daigaku who was a substantial king of Korea at that time disliked the West and was a secularist like adding intense repression against Christianity.
Therefore, the former dominates domestically.
In the Meiji government also to internal conflict with the theory of conquest
But Korea gradually will not go ignoring the world situation gradually.
Even if I sent a letter saying that Japan from the beginning of the Meiji period "Opening and Westernizing like the rest of the world and making it western, let's make a modern relationship", the original Korea has ignored it was.
The Korean government stole the attitude of "Emperor" only accepts the Queen's emperor! We do not accept letters of Emperor Nise! "And did not even want to read even letters.
Therefore, even within the Meiji government, a political struggle over "Theory of Conquest of Korea" will occur.
Saigo Takamori tried to proceed negotiations on opening and modernizing across Korea.
In the end, however, it will be "I will postpone Korea for the time being."
Okubo Toshimichi and Iwakura Mukoku and others are poking Korea and develop into conflict by any chance, and think that it is bad if it gets a gap to put in the power of Russia and other Western powers It is.
After all, Saigo who lost in Korea's theory of Korea was driven to Southwest War (1877), Ishibaki retreat was free civil rights movement (1874 ~) move on.
And in the meantime, Korea was constantly strengthening his intentions of 攘 </s> as well.
Meiji government again sent messengers to Korea when the bloom in Japan dominated.
Still the attitude of Korea remains stubborn.
The Meiji Government who had run out of numbness threatened to dispatch warship ships and shoot air guns, and tried to promote consultations with Korea.
We are also trying to make surveys and requests for firewater to the Korean government.
…… This is exactly the same way as Perry at the end of the Tokugawa period. I heard that the Japanese side has no art or no groundwork.
Naturally, the Korean government showed discomfort, a skirmish occurred and it became an incident.
This is Ganghwa Island Incident (1875).
At this time, both countries recognized "a accident accident occurred because the person in the field was irritated too much" and did not make it a big problem.
Ganghwa Island case / quoted from wikipedia
However, the fact that Japan, which was not a bad relationship by the Korean correspondents and the like since the Edo era, has emerged in the mid-term use of force, is truly taken seriously by the Korean government as well.
With this as a trigger, the progeny factions are beginning to expand their power in the Korean government.
Still none of the top Ryugaku is a sectarian, so I did not change suddenly.
The erosion of Seoul breaks out
In the following year of the Ganghwa Island Incident Japan will unilaterally conclude the Japan-North Korea treaty, which is an inequality treaty, and try to make Korea aware of international law.
This was influenced by the opinion of a French law scholar named Gustave · Emile · Boersonade who was a employed foreigner who came to Japan at the time.
Boaisonard said that he proposed "to never give over" to the Meiji government, including opening several Korean ports.
In addition to this, treaties concerning trade and handling of drifters of foreign countries other than Japan were negotiated.
The biggest reason that is the inequality treaty is that there is consular jurisdiction.
This means "If a Japanese guilty at the opening port of Korea, a Japanese consular party will make a trial."
However, it was such a feeling also in the era of the Korean correspondent, so the Korean side did not think it was a big problem.
Conversely, regarding the most-favored-nation treatment that Japan requested, it has been deleted by the opposition of the Korean side.
At this point, "Korea has no intention of opening the country to Europe and the United States (there is no target to compare), so it is not necessary to treat MFN."
If you look at the neighboring Qing, it seems almost impossible to understand … ….
Or, as you can see that Kiyoshi was great, it does not make sense that the Qing has weakened and made into a western country. Well, it may be troublesome just because I did not want to admit it.
It is unpleasant to have a strange face on strangers even by a stranger.
Among the Japanese who advanced to Korea, because there were unreasonable people wearing a hat that they are progressing to westernization, they decided to fuel the antipathy of Koreans.
It happened until the riot incident that "Umbaku no Ie" was extremely striking.
For this reason, Japan will begin to keep its troops stationed in Seoul under the name of protection of its citizens.
"Because of Minnei and Japan, our lives are messed up!"
In response to these movements, Qing which is a religious nation is not silent.
From the Qing Dynasty, Korea in this period is one of the few "compassion communicates" partner. I can not lose it.
Soon after being pushed by the Qing, the interests of Japan in Korea began to decline.
Meanwhile, Britain and Russia were deepening conflicts over hegemony in East Asia.
Since it influences seriously around the Russo-Japanese War after the Sino-Japanese War, I will touch on the details in another article, but it would be nice to put it in one corner of my head.
Meanwhile, Korea's politics was corrupt even where it was unrelated to the movement of Japan.
The princess and the princess of the King at the time had sent enormous bribes here and there to make my child the next king. In addition, the senior official had been blasting the military salary (rice) to fertilize my stomach.
It is a painful disappearing picture.
Furthermore, trade deficit became normal as Japan traded cotton products from the UK and sell it in Korea.
In such a case, it is the common people that ultimately all of them will go.
Literally, those who fell into the situation of eating or not eating did the worst choice.
Although Tao got kicked out of the political center by Mr. Min, she was forced to change his government & Japan has advanced and the timing of falling into a common people caught fire
"Thanks to Minji and Japan, our lives are messed up, both women and Japanese will be kicked out, and if you return to the hospital, you must be able to live a life as it is!"
I thought that.
Although it may have been in the first half, it is a matter of whatever you think of trying to bring up the Otusan who is the top secretary of Yusu and the Chain of Isolation.
However, it may be useless since it is a viewpoint of the general public who does not know the world situation well.
Conventional old-fashioned army broke in modernization army of Kim Yuma! → Make a military military trouble
Meanwhile, Mr. Minor's husband, Takami is indeed seeing a little more reality, trying to quicken modernization.
However, as he was in childcare at the time he was young, he was in charge of the hospital administration of the hospital for a long time, so there were too few allymen.
Bureaucrats like Kojima who want to advance modernization like Kojong,
"Let's learn from Japan that succeeded modernization in the near future"
I actually studied abroad, too.
But before the politics gets settled in a good direction, something happens that the prosperity of the Korean citizen ends.
quotation from Kikutama / wikipedia
Based on what Kotama Hirata learned, the Korean army was also beginning to modernize.
It seems that treatment and treatment were relatively good, as well as equipment and skill.
However, in order to promote the modernization with the financial condition which can not be called rich from the former, I used the old budget for the modernization army.
From the old-fashioned Army of the Buddhist school
"Why are we keeping the tradition we are having a hard time, the Ayashii army made by the newcomer is highly treated!"
I can only see. Of course.
In order to appease this, the government also paid salaries to the old army.
But this is payment for the first time in 13 months, and half of the rice which should be fundamentally supplemented by officials on the way and converted to bran (bran or skin etc).
Old-style troops who endured withstand end at last will cause a civil wartime, [Temp erroneous].
Mr. Min napped herself and dispatched 3,000 troops
The common people who also suffered also joined the old army and attacked the palace.
The Japanese personnel who went to the waters as a military adviser at that time also developed into a disaster in which they are being made bukkoro.
Naturally, if the people are killed in a foreign country, the government will protest.
It is not unusual for it to become an international war.
Furthermore, the movements of Mr. Min and Mr. Otsunate also worked in the worst direction here.
It is said that the mastermind of the Military Army turbulence is Lady Takashi. At that time, he drove out Mr. Min and returned to the administration.
Min also is silent.
She cried against Qing.
"In the country of my country, rogues have caused me to be in trouble ~ … Please help with the power of the Qing Empire!"
Kiyoshi was already torn out by the strong powers, but I do not want to be naughty up to the country that I made childhood in the near field and millennium unit, so in order to bring out the army ….
At this time I sent 3,000 soldiers to Yusei Ka.
Because it is a name that comes out frequently in modern history, there are not many people who have some familiarity.
Here Japan will "wait" for Korea and Qing.
Because the Korea is an independent country in the Japan-Korea Friendship Regulations, it was supposed to be no good to help Qing even if something happens in the future.
And 1,500 soldiers from Japan also went to the waterside to get the collection of the military military troops, but already the ryugaku returned and brought back the thing and the army of Qing arrived already, so I can not do anything did.
quoted from wikipedia known as the President of the Republic of China
Kiyoshi has put pressure on Japan with the [North fleet]
Mr. Min, who put on a side of Qing, shut out the Ryugaku once again, and this time he will try to privatize his power.
I filled the seat of a senior official with only my relatives and chose the way to rely on Qing.
"The country will be in danger if it does so only!"
Kanbama Hiratan worried that, somehow, I will restore the modernization route.
But since it is unlikely that both the political and coup will win the minor faction, he tried to depend on Japan.
Meanwhile, Japan was also unable to deliver military hands at this point.
Around this time, Kiyoshi made a new fleet called [the North Sea Fleet]because he was blatantly taking countermeasures against Japan.
quoted from wikipedia, Weihaiho Bay, the mother port of the North Fleet
The flag of this fleet is also making an interesting design.
It is a design that the dragon which is a symbol of Chinese emperor is about to swallow the day ring which can be said as a symbol of Japan.
Yellow = thoroughness of the color of the emperor.
It is no wonder that he is crying out loudly, "There is no such thing as trying to throw away Chinese thought!"
I wish I had put it out before the bullish, Opium war … … well, the British flag can not be drawn alone, or it is likely to pierce the throat and the esophagus stinging.
North Fleet Flag photo by Sodacan / quoted from wikipedia
Here is another Qing Buddha war that was another war that Qing then did.
Flatly speaking, "Qinging Vietnam and the French battle", Qing was destroyed in the naval battle, and urgent response was necessary.
As a result, 1,500 people in the Seikimuthi who were sending to Korea were pulled out and prepared to be sent to Vietnam when it was time to come.
As a substantial prince of the Qing Dynasty
"Move the North Pacific fleet to Vietnam!"
However, the top North Korean fleet of the North Sea fleet, Lee Hong Kwang, refused to say that "Our fleet is a Japanese army, so we can not get out of such a distant place", and instead brought half of the troops stationed in Korea That's why.
Kimitama asked a soldier to Japan to try a coup.
Kim Ochi watching this saw it to Japan
"Since the Qing Army is decreasing now, I can make a coup daughter! Please cooperate!"
But Japan has a cool face.
"There are still 1,500 civilians, perhaps the Qing Buddha war may end up in Suga."
I'm not quite sure what to do with Lee Hong-ho. Even the North Pacific fleet can come to Korea soon.
Even though I can not afford it, I can not afford to lose a big loss by hand to Korea now … "
This is the event in 1884.
It is only seven years since the Southwest War. Japan was a story about when he was not even able to make the Constitution ( the Empire of the Imperial Japanese Constitution ).
That's not the case when you are handling other countries.
However, Japanese representatives who were in Korea made a brilliant reply, and Kim Dae-sun, who is also sought after for straws, will take a coup dumping departure.
Kim Dae-sung was successful at locking out the minor faction temporarily, but because of the dispatch of the army by the Qing Dynasty, only three days failed. I will exile to Japan as a result of my life.
There was also a political win as long as you took Takajong, but you can not do it too.
This coup is called 【Tribal Incident (Political Change)】.
Incidentally, Kim Dae-jung was assassinated when crossing the Qing for negotiations with Li Hongzhou the year after the Tribunal incident.
Toshiko said that he was covered by Japan by chance.
He also said that he was motivated to settle a cooperative system with Qing and Japan, not wanting to privatize Korea, and want to compete with the West. This has been disappointing.
We signed the Tianjin Treaty and agreed with Nisshin Kosan's non-intervention … …
For the time being after this, the two countries will continue quiet peace.
However, it was essentially the purpose of earning time for arms for each other.
In 1885, we will conclude [Tianjin Treaty] as post-treatment of the Tribunal incident between Japan and Qing.
Roughly speaking, "In the future, both Japan and the Qing do not engage in military intervention on the Korean Peninsula, and if it is inevitable to intervene, consult with each other".
However, Kiyoshi was keen on military expansion and intimidating Japan.
So, why do you want to motivate Opium war … (ry.
Using the little money to purchase the latest battleship "Zenkai" "Zen" from Germany, placed in the North Fleet.
In addition, in 1886, I came to show these vessels to Nagasaki with supplementary nominations.
Qing battleship "Zenkai" / quoted from wikipedia
Aside from that, occupants of these ships raised up to the case of assault in the town of Nagasaki.
If the crowd gets bigger here, Nagasaki may collapse every town as the boast of the prideful cannon is released.
In addition, the purpose of Qing also was reconciled across British and French lawyers, because of the intimidation, not open war at this point.
Never truly went from Japan unilaterally
Actually, the North Pacific fleet often arrives in Nagasaki.
Japan does not learn so much in the class of Japanese history, so Japan went on to Japan s the Nikki war – I can not wipe such a simple impression, but it is never unilateral.
Even as the North Fleet, it was probably the aim of intimidation and remembrance.
But here again, the action of Nishiuchi goes backfired.
At that time, Nishiuchita wastefully paid a lot of government expenses for his 60th birthday celebration etc., which made it impossible to maintain the North Pacific fleet.
Even in that state, I came to Nagasaki, and invited Japanese prestige to the battleship "Zenkai" to assert that "Kiyoshi is still awesome ^ ^" and let us have a trip to the ship.
quoted from "wandering away" / wikipedia who later sank
Because of that, it is difficult to get far from the point where it is far from far away, and the low level of refinement of the structure and seafarers will happen to Japan.
Why did not anyone stop on the Qing side … ….
It seems that from the time of the squirrel enclosure "Japanese people want to know every corner if they are interested once, and ethnic groups that do not spare a little labor", but they completely forgot about it.
Well, the Chinese and the Qing Dynasty at that time are different.
As Japan at this time
"It seems to be going to be a war with the Qing Dynasty, but there is no chance of winning at all as it is now.If you can do anything, you must find a point to start!"
I thought that constant distance vision was a unique opportunity.
Emperor Meiji provides the imperial budget to armaments!?
Once information gathers, concrete armaments will become necessary next time.
However, Japan is also short of money.
Again, there are no constitutions or parliaments yet in Japan at this time.
I was using people and money for crushing the rebellion of the Genghisakiri and since the industry has not yet expanded, the circumstances of purse are tough anyway.
So Emperor Meiji orders "to spend 300,000 yen of the Imperial Budget (court fee) for arms".
According to the daily behavior of the Meiji Emperor, this does not mean "open up the battle instantly" but rather "meaning to arrange the army so as not to be quieted by the Qing".
Of course, all the people of the day were surprised at the government as well.
"It is a terrible thing to put money on money! Let's collect money little by little!"
It is said that a total of 2 million yen gathered from the people.
Of course this is not the current monetary value (it is a story about when the initial salary of a public servant was 50 yen).
In Japan where 2.3 million yen can now be used for armaments in this way, we should be ready to fight.
Construction of the new ship which was a feature was not in time for the Nisshin War, but it will be lived in the Russo-Japanese War.
Explain the episodes and achievements of the Meiji Empress! What is the personality who built the foundation of the modern royal family
People's warfare happens and Qing Dynasty
Thus in 10 years from the Tribunal incident in 1894.
The sunrise war begins.
Even though it says that, it is not a wake-up that did not bite into the soup, there was a certain feeling. It was neither Japanese nor quiless, it was Korea himself.
In the past 10 years, the general public of Korea finally broke down [Tao Farmer War] civil war to Mr. Min and his belly daughters who continued to fertilize my belly.
As long as there are no power to hold the domestic turbulence in the ministers, this time also I cried in the Qing Dynasty.
神野 正史 ベレ出版 2013-07-22
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